In Group Out Group: Introduction Sociology YouTube Lecture Handouts

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In Group - Out Group

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  • What is a social group?
    • Collection of two or more persons
    • Continuous interaction
    • Common interests
    • Sense of loyalty
  • William Graham Sumner in his concept of ‘Folkways’
    • In Group is the ‘we group’
    • Out Group is the ‘they group’ .
In Group - Out Group
In groupOut group
Individual identifies himself/herself, has a sense of belongingIndividual has no sense of belonging and identification
We-groupThey group
sense of attachment among memberssense of indifference and hostility towards members


  • The terminology was made popular by Henri Tajfel
  • Categorization was identified using minimal group paradigm.
  • It was found that people can form self-preferred groups within minutes
  • E. g. , Art gallery


  • Classification not on the basis of size but sense of belonging/attachment.
  • In group - a person psychologically identifies as being a member
  • Out group - an individual does not identify with

Social Category

  • Social category – statistical grouping of people or classification of people on the basis of similar characteristics.
    • Do not interact with one another.
    • Not even know of each other՚s existence.
  • Type of quasi-group which may become a social group over time.

Quasi Group

  • Temporarily share the same physical space
  • Do not belong together
  • Do not have interaction
  • E. g. A crowd, commuters stuck in a traffic jam


Q. 1.

Statement 1: All domestic workers in a locality may over time form a union.

Statement 2: They can become organized and develop a common identity as a social group.


i. Both are true

ii. Both are false

iii. Statement 1 is true only

iv. Statement 2 is true only

Ans: i

Q. 2. When people find it psychologically meaningful to view themselves according to their race, culture, gender or religion. It is a/an:

i. In group

ii. Out group

iii. Reference group

iv. Primary group

Ans: i

#Sociological Concepts





0: 00 In Group - Out Group

0: 15 Introduction Of In Group - Out Group

1: 58 Concept Of In Group - Out Group

3: 44 Classification Of In Group - Out Group

4: 49 Social Category

6: 47 Quasi Group

7: 31 MCQ About In Group - Out Group

#sociologicalconcepts #types #ingroup-outgroup #ugc-net #introductionofingroup-outgroup #conceptofingroup-outgroup #classificationofingroup-outgroup #socialcategory #quasigroup #mcqaboutingroup-outgroup #testprep

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