Maharashtra PSC Exam: Political Science MCQs (Practice_Test 105 of 150)

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  1. Communalism in Indian context means
    1. Serving the community in a befitting manner
    2. Using communal identity for political gains
    3. A group of people bound by ethnic feelings
    4. Creating friendly relations with the other communities

    Answer: b

  2. The best form of federalism suited for countries like India is
    1. Centralised federalism
    2. Bargaining federalism
    3. Cooperative federalism
    4. Conflicting federalism

    Answer: c

  3. In which year did India become a party to the International convention on Biological Diversity?
    1. 1992
    2. 1993
    3. 1994
    4. 1995

    Answer: a

  4. As per the 2001 Census, the minimum standards of literacy are
    1. a person aged 12 years and above who can read and understand any language
    2. a person aged 18 years and above, who can read, speak and write in any language
    3. a person aged 7 years and above who can both read and write with understanding in any language
    4. a person aged 21 years and above, who can read, speak and write any language

    Answer: c

  5. Who among the following was considered to be a forerunner of backward class movement?
    1. Dr. B R Ambedkar
    2. Jotirao Phule
    3. E V Ramaswamy Naicker
    4. Ram Manohar Lohia

    Answer: b

    • Assertion (A) : Systems theory is criticized for its alleged ideological basis in favour of Status quo.
    • Reason (R) : Systems theory is criticized for its alleged ideological basis in favour of Status quo.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A
    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A
    3. A is true but R is false
    4. A is false but R is true
    Answer: c
    • Assertion (A) : There has been a growing demand from review of centre-state relationships.
    • Reason (R) : The states have no adequate resources to take up developmental projects.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A
    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A
    3. A is true but R is false
    4. A is false but R is true
    Answer: a
    • Assertion (A) : Bureaucracy as an instrument of exploitation in the state, exploits the affairs of the community in such a manner as to promote and sustain its private ends.
    • Reason (R) : It is the bureaucracy which determines the fate of a political system of a given society.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A
    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A
    3. A is true but R is false
    4. A is false but R is true
    Answer: c
    • Assertion (A) : Article 14 of the Indian Constitution does not lay down that all laws must be of universal application.
    • Reason (R) : State has power to classify persons for legitimate purpose and on reasonable grounds.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A
    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A
    3. A is true but R is false
    4. A is false but R is true
    Answer: d
    • Assertion (A) : Indian socialists emphasized on labour intensive cottage industry, decentralization and eradication of the caste system.
    • Reason (R) : Indian socialists were deeply influenced by Mahatma Gandh1.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A
    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A
    3. A is true but R is false
    4. A is false but R is true
    Answer: a

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