Maharashtra PSC Exam: Sociology MCQs (Practice_Test 22 of 95)

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  1. Assertion (A) Man is the product of the cultural milieu in which he is born. Reason (R) : Culture determines every aspect of human personality.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A
    3. A is true but R is false
    4. A is false but R is true
    • Assertion (A) : Numerous theories have been put forward to explain the origin of society.
    • Reason (R) : The theories of society do not provide adequate exploration of its origin, they are therefore numerous.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A
    3. A is true but R is false
    4. A is false but R is true
    • Assertion (A) : Member of the extended family typically live together in a single household or in adjacent house-holds.
    • Reason (R) : They function as an integrated economic unit.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A
    3. A is true but R is false
    4. A is false but R is true
    • Assertion (A) : Kinship is clearly a wider category than family.
    • Reason (R) : It includes not only husband, wife and their children ut also grand parents, aunts, uncles and cousins.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A
    3. A is true but R is false
    4. A is false but R is true
    • Assertion (A) : Social mobility is necessarily more in class societies than in caste societies.
    • Reason (R) : A single individual in a class society can move up to a class higher than that of his birth.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A
    3. A is true but R is false
    4. A is false but R is true
    • Assertion (A) : A low caste person usually sanskritizes its style of life and ritual on becoming wealthy.
    • Reason (R) : Sanskritization resolves inconsistency vested interests in the backwardness.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A
    3. A is true but R is false
    4. A is false but R is true
    • Assertion (A) : After independence, some castes developed vested interest in backwardness.
    • Reason (R) : It helped them secure upward social probability.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A
    3. A is true but R is false
    4. A is false but R is true
    • Assertion (A) : The power and prestige which landowning castes command put them in dominating positions vis-a-vis all castes, including those castes which have ritually higher status than their own.
    • Reason (R) : Land ownership is a crucial factor in establishing dominance.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A
    3. A is true but R is false
    4. A is false but R is true
    • Assertion (A) : Social change is always planned.
    • Reason (R) : Societies are not resistant to change.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A
    3. A is true but R is false
    4. A is false but R is true
    • Assertion (A) : The peasant movements of India have brought in some agrarian reforms.
    • Reason (R) : Such movements are always well organized at the grass root level.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A
    3. A is true but R is false
    4. A is false but R is true
    • Assertion (A) : Absence of high degree of division of labour is a common feature of all simple societies.
    • Reason (R) : A simple society can survive without division of labour.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A
    3. A is true but R is false
    4. A is false but R is true
    • Assertion (A) : It is estimated that even if India attains a replacement level of fertility by 2010 and maintains it thereafter, it will end up with a population of 1.7 billion towards the end of the twenty-first century.
    • Reason (R) : Current age-structure of population indicates a continuous increase in size of population.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A
    3. A is true but R is false
    4. A is false but R is true
    • Assertion (A) : In demography, stability refers to a situation in which the age distributions of both male and female population remain unchanged, and the rates of growth which may be positive, negative or zero, are constant.
    • Reason (R) : The age specific fertility rates and the age specific mortality rates remain constant over time
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A
    3. A is true but R is false
    4. A is false but R is true
    • Assertion (A) : The age structure of the population of India has shown no appreciable change although the death rate is declining rapidly since 1950.
    • Reason (R) : Mortality affects directly the base of the population pyramid.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A
    3. A is true but R is false
    4. A is false but R is true
    • Assertion (A) : India has largest population in the world next to Chin.
    • Reason (R) : Birth rate in India is highest in the world.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A
    3. A is true but R is false
    4. A is false but R is true

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