Data Transmission, Protocol, TCP/IP, IPV4 and IPV6 for Maharashtra PSC Exam

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Data transmission

NIC-Network interface card – A network interface card (NIC) is a computer circuit board or card that is installed in a computer so that it can be connected to a network.

Wireless technology - Wireless communications is a type of data, a wireless signal through wireless communication technologies and device.

Data Transmission Methods

Network Related Terms

Network Terms

Protocol - It is set of rules and standards which is used by computers to exchange data or information with each other across a network.

Nodes - It is a connect point where either data transmission ends or redistribution of data starts.

TCP/IP - (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol) - basic communication language or protocol of the Internet.

IPV4 - 32 bits numeric address

IPV6 - 128 bits hexadecimal address

Difference Beween IPv4 and IPv6
IP versionIPv4IPv6
Deployed19811999
Address Size32-bit number128-bit number
Address FormatDotted Decimal Notation:

192.0. 2.76

Hexadecimal Notation:

2001: 0DB8: 0234: AB00:

0123: 4567: 8901: ABCD

Number of Addresses = 340, 282, 366, 920,938, 463,

463, 374, 607, 431, 768,211, 456

Example of Prefix Notation192.0. 2.0/24

10/8

2001: 0DB8: 0234:: /48

2600: 0000:: /12

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