Figures of Speech – 2: Alliteration, Antithesis, Metonymy and Synecdoche

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Alliteration

Two or more words begin with same letter or syllable

Example:

  • Potatoes, peas, and pumpkins are good for health
  • This miss is Sister Kissler (is, iss)

Antithesis

Put two things together by contrasting them

Example:

  • Man Proposes, God disposes
  • I loved Julie and hated his ambition

Metonymy

Signifies the name of a person or thing for another mm or thing

Example:

Williams read Dickens, Shakespeare, and other writers from the library The Pen is mightier than the sword

Synecdoche

When one thing points out the other

Example:

  • He is the Nestor of our family
  • The country will be safe if all the hands work together

Assonance

Repetition of vowel sounds

Example:

It is clear, my dear, then hear my fear

Hyperbole

Describe beyond the limit

Example:

Belinda smiled and all the world was gay

Inversion

Unnatural order

Example:

O God՚s glory I sing

Invocation

God or muse to help

Example:

O God, come and help me

Identify the Figure of Speech

1. Exult O Shores! and ring O bells!

A. Alliteration

B. Metonymy

C. Epithet

D. Invocation

Answer: B. Metonymy

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