Styles Fusion of Classical & Folk Music and Musical Instruments (Rabindra, Haveli and Gana) for Maharashtra PSC

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Sugam Sangeet

  • Rabindra Sangeet

  • Haveli sangeet

  • Gana sangeet

  • Devotional songs

  • Bhajan-sung in praise of god-meera,nanak,kabir

  • Kirtan-Bengal region,music+dance,influence of Gitagobinda

  • Shabad-Punjab,sung by sikh gurus

  • Quawalli-sufi element,started by Aamir khushro

  • Abhanga-maharashtra-namdev,tukaram harashtr

  • Bhatiyali-boat songs from Bengal,devotional theme

  • Tewaram-tamilnadu,sung by shaivites

  • Ghazal-devotional touch-Persian influence on indian music

  • Independent couplets,theme-mystical,secular or philosophical

  • Artists Mirza Galib,Bahadurshah Zafar

Rabindra Sangeet

  • Sung by Rabinranath Tagore

  • Worship, nature,love, celebration

Haveli Sangeet

  • Temple music

  • Popular in rajasthan and Gujarat

  • Pushtimargi sampraday

Gana Sangeet

  • Eg: Apni Azadi Ko Hum Hargis Mita Sakte Nahin, Ajadee Hoyni tor, Kadam kadam badhaye jaa, Vande Mataram etc.

  • Generally sung in chorus carrying some social message.

  • The songs are usually about Freedom, community strength, patriotism.

  • Due to the British occupation in India, a lot of protest songs about anti-imperialism/pro-socialism

Musical Instruments

Image of Musical Instruments

Image of Musical Instruments

  • Sushir vadhya

  • Wind instruments

  • Also known as aerophones

  • Flute,pungi,mouth organ,nadswaram

  • Avanad vadhya

  • We have to strike it to get the sound

  • tabla.,dhol,pakhwaj

  • Taar vadhya

  • String instruments

  • Guitar,violin,ravanhattha,santoor

  • Ghana vadhya

  • Solid instruments

  • Rhythm keepers

  • Ghunghru,jal tarang.dandiya,matki

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