Indian Music: Swara, Raga and Taal for Maharashtra PSC

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Indian music demonstration

Indian Music Demonstration

  • Origin samveda and its Upveda Gandharvaveda

  • Narad is the first person who heard the message from God.

  • Naad is supposed to be the basis of all creations.

  • Bharatmuni’s natyashastra contains several chapters on music.

  • Bharat muni defined music as Nritya, gayan and vadan.

Pillars of Indian Musical System

  • Swara

  • Raga

  • Taal

(1) Swara

  • Pitch or tone

  • Notes

  • Primitive sound AUM gave birth to swaras

  • swara-Sa Re Ga Ma Pa Dha Ni

  • Sa-sadcha, Re-Rishabh, Ga-Gandhara, Ma-madhyam,

  • Pa-Pancham, Dha-Dhaiwat, Ni-Nishad

(2) Raga

  • It forms the basis of melody.

  • Combination of swaras.

  • In every raga, there are at least swaras.

  • Hence,there are kinds of Ragas

  • Odava Raga swara

  • Shadava Raga swara

  • Sampurna Raga all swara

  • In Hindustani music, there are principal ragas.

  • Ragas are time specific, season specific, and mood specific.

  • Hindola raga

  • Time-dawn,season spring,mood sweetness of young couple

Dipak raga

  • Time-night, season summer,mood compassion

Megh raga

  • Time-mid-day,season monsoon,mood courage

Sri Raga

  • Time-evening, season winter,mood gladness


  • Time-mid night,season winter,mood youthful love


  • Time-morning,season autumn,mood peace and devotional

(3) Taal

  • Basis of rhythm

  • Arrangement of bits in a circular manner

  • Total kinds of taal

  • range of bits- bit to bits

  • taal bits

Image of Indian Music

Image of Indian Music

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