Bahamani Kingdom: Firozhah Bahamani, Madmud Gawan, Gol Gumbaj, Golconda Fort YouTube Lecture Handouts

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Bahamani Kingdom: Firozhah Bahamani, Madmud Gawan, Gol Gumbaj, Golconda Fort | History

Title: The Bahamani Kingdom

Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq was the Sultan of Delhi, when Bahamani kingdom was founded.

Bahamani Kingdom

Vijayanagara Kingdom

Raichur Doab

  • The Bahamani kingdom was Founded by Hasan Gangu in CE 1347
  • In CE 1347, during the reign of Muhammad Tughlaq Daulat Abad (Devagiri) became independent under Hasan Gangu.
  • He assumed the title Ala-ud-din Hassan Shah Bahman. Thus, the Bahamani kingdom was founded.
  • This kingdom included the whole of Northern Deccan up to the Krishna river.
  • The dynasty ruled tor almost 180 years.

Firoz Shah Bahamani

  • Firoz shah was not only a capable ruler, but he was also a great patron of art and Science.
  • He invited many learned men to stay in his court.
  • He knew many languages and was a great poet.
  • Firoz shah Bahamani Was a powerful ruler who conquered the Raichur Doab and defeated the king of Vijayanagara.

Mahmud Gawan

  • He was Wazir for many kings.
  • Bahamani Kingdom
  • Vijayanagara Kingdom
  • Raichur Doab
  • He fought successful wars against the ruler of Vijayanagara, Konkan, Orissa and Sangameshwar.
  • He encouraged trade and thus brought prosperity to the state. He took several steps to encourage agriculture.
  • Mahmud Gawan acted as the Wazir (Prime Minister) under Bahamani ruler Muhammad Shah Ill.
  • He was a good administrator and introduced many reforms. He was a great patron of learning.
  • The magnificent Madarsa in Bidar was built by him where students from all parts of world would study.
  • Endowed with a rare military genius, he fought many wars and extended the dominions of his kingdom to the greatest extent.
  • He was killed by the nobles in CE 1481.

Downfall of the Bahamani Kingdom

Nizam Shahi

Adil Shahi

Barid Shahi

Imad Shahi

Qutub Shahi

  • The Bahamani rulers continuously fought with the neighbouring states, especially Vijayanagara. This was a financial strain for the kingdom.
  • The later Bahamani rulers were weak and incompetent.
  • After the death of Mahmud Gawan, the strongest and ablest minister, the Bahamani kingdom disintegrated and split into several independent states.
  • By CE 1527 the kingdom had disintegrated into five independent kingdoms. They were constantly engaged with war amongst themselves and later absorbed in Mughal Empire.
  • 1565 was the Battle of Talikota

Administration under the Bahamani Rulers

King

Empire

Wazir

Provinces

Governors

  • The king was very powerful and the administration was looked after by wazirs.
  • For effective administration, the kings divided their empire into provinces. These provinces were managed by governors. These governors were very powerful. They collected revenue from the provinces and sent a part of it to the king. They also supplied him with troops in times of war. Each governor had a fixed number of soldiers he maintained, to be sent to the king during wartime. Persian and Arabic were used as court languages.

Architecture

Chand Minar at Bidar

Jama Masjid of Gulbarga

Gol Gumbaj of Bijapur

  • The Bahamani rulers also contributed to the cultural advancement of the country. Under them mosques, libraries, madarsas and grand palaces were built.
  • The Jama Masjid of Gulbarga (Kalaburgi) Fort, the Gol Gumbaj of Bijapur (Vijapura) and the Chand Minar at Bidar are some of the superb structures raised by them.
  • Also fortress of Daultabad, Madarasa of Mahmud Gawan, Jama Masjid of Bidar and tomb of Mahmud Gawan.
  • The Golconda Fort complex is spread across 11 km of total area, enclosed by an outer wall.
  • The Golconda Fort complex is spread across 11 km of total area, enclosed by an outer wall.
  • Golconda was the capital of the Qutub shahi dynasty.
  • Strong forts were also built for defence purposes. The Bijapur Fort and the Golconda Fort are great specimens of fine art and architecture.
  • Golconda was the capital of the Qutub shahi dynasty. It is a citadel and fort.
  • The pavilions, gates, entrances and domes of the of the fort reveal its architectural elegance. This fort is also known for its advanced acoustic system

Architectural Features of Gol Gumbaj

Architectural Features of Gol Gumbaj
  • In words of Percy Brown β€œGol Gumbaj is one of the largest and most remarkable single Muslim building in India” It was built by Muhammad Adil Shah II in 1660.
  • Architecture of General post office and Prince of Wales Musuem at Mumbai is inspired by Gol Gumbaj.
  • It is one of the largest dome in the world and there is no pillar to support the dome.
  • Any sound in inner gallery gives rise to multiple echoes.

Battle of Talikota

  • The Vijayanagara empire came to an end in 1565 with the Battle of Talikota when its army was defeated by the combined forces of the Bahamani rulers.
  • Aliya Rama Raya
  • 1527: Disintegration of Bahamani Kingdom during Krishnadev Raya
  • Bidar under Barid Shahi
  • Berar under Imad Shahi
  • Bijapur under Adil Shahi
  • Ahmednagar under Nizam Shahi
  • Golconda under Qutub Shahi

Belligerents

  • Deccan sultanates vs Vijayanagar
  • Ahmedanagar - Hussain Nizam Shah I
  • Bijapur Sultanate - Ali Adil Shah I
  • Bidar Sultanate - Ali Barid Shah I
  • Golcunda Sultanate - Ibrahim Quli Qutb Shah Wali
  • Versus Vijayanagar
  • Aliya Rama Raya‍ Executed
  • Venkatadri
  • Tirumala Deva Raya
  • Achutappa Nayak

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