Modern Indian Thinkers Vivekananda Philosophy YouTube Lecture Handouts

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Vivekananda - Practical Vedanta; Universal Religion, Literature: Modern Indian Thinker| Philosophy

Title: Modern Indian Thinkers Vivekananda

About Him

  • Narendra Nath Dutta.
  • He studied Western logic, Western philosophy and European history.
  • Showed interest in Indian Philosophy and Indian Spirituality
  • He was given the title of Swami for his efforts to revive Hinduism.
  • Efforts made to introduce Indian Philosophy to the West.
  • Brought Hinduism to the status of one of the major religions of the world.

Practical Vedanta

  • Vivekananda followed and advocated the monism of the Upanishads as systematised by Badarayana and Shankara.
  • “The eternal reality can only be realised via the philosophical thinking and philosophical living.”
  • NOTE- Did not exactly accept the philosophical teachings of Advaita Vedanta.
  • Example, World is not vivarta.
  • Practical Vedanta - Idea of ONE-NESS.
  • “All is one, which manifests itself.”

Universal Religion

  • Ethical humanism and spiritual Idealism
  • Removed wrong notions, misconceptions, prejudices about Hinduism.
  • Hinduism is not just one ideology.
  • E. g. , Charvaka, Jainism, Buddhism to Nyaya, Yoga, Mimamsa, Vedanta, Bhagavad Gita, etc. is all within Hinduism.

Important Literature

Some of his important works are;

  • Raja Yoga
  • Karma Yoga
  • Meditation and its Methods
  • Jnana Yoga
  • Bhakti Yoga
  • Practical Vedanta
  • Kali, the Mother
  • My Idea of Education “Education is the manifestation of perfection already in man.”


The following quote is by, “All is one, which manifests itself.”

A. Gandhi

B. Vivekananda

C. K. C Bhattacharya

D. Narayan Guru

Answer: B

Explanation: “All is one, which manifests itself” is a quote by Vivekananda. This quote represents the ideology of the concept of Practical Vedanta

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