Modern Western Philosophy Leibniz-The Principles of Non-Contradiction Philosophy YouTube Lecture Handouts

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Modern Western Philosophy Leibniz- The Principles of Non-Contradiction Philosophy

Title: Modern Western Philosophy Leibniz- The Principles of Non-Contradiction

  • The fundamental principles of philosophy of Leibnitz are known as “principles of non-contradiction.”
  • There are 4 such principles;
    • Law of Continuity
    • Law of Individuality
    • Principles of Harmony
    • God as the creator of the harmony

Principle of Continuity

Mathematical Vent

  • Numbers; to the infinitely large, in which everything is contained, and to the infinitely small of which everything is made up.
  • Change is real
  • This law of continuity affirms his thought that lines are generated by the movements of points, surfaces by the movement of lines and solids by the movements of the surfaces.

Law of Individuality

  • Everything is real, according to him.
  • But everything is real and as such no external influence can change it.
  • Now parts in-order to be real parts must be as real as the whole of which they are parts.
  • Each part somehow must be the whole and must contain the whole.
  • This insistence on the reality of the individual made him believe in pluralism

Principle of Harmony

  • A unity within itself.
  • This unity in plurality is called the harmony.
  • For this very reason, his philosophy has been called the philosophy of pre-established harmony.

God is the Creator of Harmony

  • He further held that individual things no doubt are real but they are knitted together in a grand harmony.
  • This presupposes that some giant intellect has brought the harmony.
  • This giant intellect is called God.
  • In other words, rationalists like Descartes, Spinoza and Leibniz՚s philosophies are God-centred or theocentric in nature


Which of these philosopher/philosophers have a theocentric philosophy?

A. Descarte

B. Leibniz

C. Spinoza

D. All of them

Answer: D

All these three have theocentric philosophies

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