Indian Political Thought Jawahar Lal Nehru Political Science YouTube Lecture Handouts

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Jawahar Lal Nehru: Secularism, Socialism, Planning | Indian Political Thought| Political Science

Title: Indian Political Thought Jawahar Lal Nehru

Jawahar Lal Nehru

14 NOV 1889 - 27 MAY 1964


  • Jawahar Lal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of India who laid the foundation for a developing country considering the potential of India in Agriculture, Industry, Education and Technology.
  • His contribution in the Indian National Movement for freedom is also recognized and he is well known for his academic, administrative and political input in guiding the direction of freedom movement.

Literary Works

  • Discovery of India
  • Glimpses of World History 3
  • Towards Freedom
  • Letter form a Father to his Daughter
  • National Herald

During the Non-Cooperation Movement (1920 - 22) led by Mahatma Gandhi, Nehru was imprisoned for the first time for activities against the British government and, over the course of the next two and a half decades, spent a total of nine years in jail. In 1929, Jawaharlal was elected president of the Indian National Congress his first leadership role in politics whereby he promoted the goal of complete independence from Britain as opposed to dominion status.

Jawahar Lal Nehru

Nehru՚s Political Thought

  • He recognized the value of nationalism in building developing and cohesive India.
  • He rejected the idea of extremism and proposed that the problems of India at the time of its Independence can only be solved with moderate approach and discussion.
  • He was aware of the contribution of technology in building new India.
  • He held that the future of India lies in liberalism and peace.


  • Nehru considered the religion as private matter and rejected the old idea of religion which was established in Indian culture from ancient times.
  • He considered religion as more of a way of worship sense and established it as a personal matter which should be separated from all the others aspects society.
  • His concept of secularism has four aspect of follows: religious freedom, neutrality of the state in religious matters, secularism in social life, and an attitude of mind.


  • Jawaharlal Nehru was a brilliant exponent of the socialist ideology. His aim was to attain the complete independence for the people of India.
  • The method to be adopted to accomplish this task was democratic socialism.
  • Democratic Socialism is practicing socialism in a practical way. It is committed to systematic transformation of economy.
  • It is a logical scientific approach in democracy to realize equitable distribution of income and wealth.


Socio-Economic reconstruction was a chief feature of his thoughts. He was deeply impressed by the economic develop of Soviet Union with planning draw the attention of world imagination of planning. In 1938, the INC decided to setup a National Planning Committee with Nehru as chairman. The statement of object made by Nehru as the chairman became a significance factor of literature of economic planning in India.


1. Soviet idea of centralized planning was a feature of Nehru՚s planning approach?

2. Non-alignment may consider as a need of hour thing which was followed by Gandhi during the period of Independence of India?

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