Association: Sociological Concepts: Introduction and Characteristics of Association

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What is an Association?

  • When a group of individuals organize themselves to pursue a common purpose or towards common interests in a cooperative manner to meet some ends.
  • The elements of association are cooperation and mutual assistance
  • A group organized for the pursuit of an interest or group of interest in common.
Introduction of Association

Characteristics of Association

  • Two or more than two individuals
  • Having common purpose
  • Temporary
  • Voluntary
  • Mutual recognition is not necessary
  • Some sort of eligibility required
  • Cooperative spirit
  • Organization

Some Examples of Association

Association is not just a group but an expressly organized group which revolves around a particular interest social groups like crowd, mob are not associations.

  • Political association
  • Religious association
  • Student association
  • Labourers association
  • Professional associations
  • Economic association
  • International associations


  • Humans have different interest therefore there are various kind of associations for different fields
  • Men may belong to more than one association
  • Associations may also be permanent like long-standing association of religious associations family, State etc.
  • Associations are deliberately created membership
  • An association has limited significance
  • Is organized for a particular interest therefore, we belong to it by virtue of this interest
  • Some other examples of association can be trade unions, blood donation camp, clubs, etc.


1. Which of these is not an association

  1. Trade union
  2. Mob
  3. Yuva party
  4. All of these

Ans: B. Mob

2. Which of these is a characteristic of association

  1. Geographical territory
  2. We feeling
  3. Cooperation
  4. None of these

Ans: C. Cooperation




#Basic Concepts