Trade Unions Introduction Sociology YouTube Lecture Handouts

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Trade Unions


  • Trade Unions Act, 1926
  • Labour unions or trade unions are organizations formed by workers from related fields that work for the common interest of its members.
  • They help workers in issues like fairness of pay, good working environment, hours of work and benefits.
  • They represent a cluster of workers and provide a link between the management and workers.


  • Medium of communication between the workers and management
  • Promote interests – social and economic
  • Protect rights and interests
  • Raise standard of living
  • Better employment conditions
  • Grievances of wagers
  • Present a collective voice
  • Collective bargaining and negotiations
  • Benefits like PF, pensions
  • Health welfare
  • Participation and representation in management
  • Increased productivity
  • Training and promotion

Funds and Source of Income

  • Membership dues
  • Alliance with political parties


  • Support of colleagues
  • Assistance in case of emergencies and dilemma
  • Amenities
  • Protecting interests
  • Settling disputes
  • Self confidence
  • Stability in employment


  • Delay in decisions
  • Strikes
  • Disputes
  • Conflicts

Problems of Trade Unions

  • Internal rivalry
  • Split ups
  • Ignoring migratory labours, medical, educational, cultural provisions

Way Ahead

  • Organizing activities to strengthen bonds
  • Medical benefits
  • Social and cultural events
  • Efficient leadership
  • Sense of loyalty and belongingness to community


Q. 1. What is the formal term for unofficial industrial action?

1. Wildcat strike

2. Outlaw strike

3. Work stoppage strike

4. None of these

Answer: 1

Q. 2. Which of these are central organization of trade unions with political parties alliance

a. Hindu Mazdoor Sabha

b. United Trade Union Congress Samiti

c. Bhartiya Mazdoor Sangh

d. All of these


1. D only

2. A and b

3. B and c

4. A and c

Answer: 4

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0: 00 Trade Unions

0: 10 Introduction of Trade Unions

1: 52 Functions of Trade Unions

3: 47 Funds and Source of Income

4: 28 Advantages of Trade Unions

5: 45 Disadvantages of Trade Unions

6: 41 Problems of Trade Unions

7: 48 Way Ahead

8: 55 MCQ about Trade Unions

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