Thomes Hobbes Western Political Thoughts for Meghalaya PSC (2019)

Download PDF of This Page (Size: 342K)

Thomes Hobbes: Western Political Thought Its Nature, Analysis, Social Contract (Political Science)

First Social contract philosopher

Image of Thomes Hobbes

Image of Thomes Hobbes

Image of Thomes Hobbes

Important Concepts

  • State of Nature

  • Analysis of human nature

  • Social contract

  • Sovereignty

  • Natural Law

  • Natural Right

State of Nature

  • A hypothetical condition .

  • People living in before coming in contract.

  • A condition of perpetual peace and fear.

  • Might is right.

  • War of all against all.

  • There were no state controls and regulations.

  • Every individual is the competitor of the other.

  • Living in conflictual condition.

  • Every one is potential enemy of the other.

Analysis of Human Nature

  • Man is poor ,nasty, brutish,savage and solitary.

  • Self –centered.

  • Has his own concept of pleasure-pain, good- bad.

  • An uncivilized creature.

  • Presents a dark picture of human nature.

Social Contract

  • The life of state of nature forced to enter into contract.

  • For perseverance or protection of rights they contract.

  • Arrived at through covenants.

  • Contract is one way.

  • People surrender their rights to sovereign.

  • People are the only party to contract.

Sovereignty

Sovereignty

Image of Sovereignty

Sovereignty

  • Sovereign can not be unjust.

  • Final authority to approve all contract.

  • Should not be disobeyed.

  • Accountable to none for his actions.

  • This makes Hobbes an absolutist.

Natural Law

Image of Natural Law

Image of Natural Law

Image of Natural Law

Natural Rights

Image of Natural Rights

Image of Natural Rights

Image of Natural Rights

Doorsteptutor material for UGC is prepared by worlds top subject experts- Get detailed illustrated notes covering entire syllabus: point-by-point for high retention.

Developed by: