Summary of NCERT Class 6 Political Science Chapters 1 − 9: Most Important Points for Nagaland PSC Exam 2021

Glide to success with Doorsteptutor material for UGC : Get detailed illustrated notes covering entire syllabus: point-by-point for high retention.

NCERT Class 6 Political Science/Polity/Civics Olympiad

Chapter 1 – Understanding Diversity

  • Area
  • religion
  • culture
  • food
  • The festival
  • Clothes
  • Ladakh in Kerala
  • Rajasthan to Meghalaya
  • Cultural assimilation
  • Case disparities
  • The person writes - memories, imagination, imagination and so on

Chapter 2 – Diversity & Discrimination

  • 1600 languages and 100 dance forms
  • Prejudice (negative emotions) and stereotypes (image about a group of people - boys don՚t cry) - disabled for children with special needs
  • Discrimination - race, creed, race
  • BR Ambedkar - Dalit Reform Movement
  • Rights for Dalits (entry into temples) , Adivasis, farmers and women (education)
  • Equality and Secular Nation

Chapter 3 – What is Government?

  • Government - the group of people that administers - executes power by customs, institutions and laws
  • Role - Protecting workers, making decisions, healthcare, legal matters, leadership
  • From local to national level
  • Laws - act on injustice, enforce and can order
  • Left - Equality and support marginalized (democratic)
  • Authoritarian - Strong nationalism and market force (republican)
  • Democracy, monarchy, aristocracy and dictatorship
  • Electoral leader - universal adult franchise (right to vote)

Chapter 4 – Key Element of Democratic Government

  • Personal and political freedom, political equality, rule of law, common good, human dignity, respect and information
  • Apartheid and Nelson Mandela (1994 Democratic Nation)
  • Participation - voting, voice of the people, rallies, sit-ins, campaigns
  • Conflict - Violence, Death, Discrimination, (Cauvery dispute)
  • Disputes - law and order, equality, care of girls, special provisions, justice

Chapter 5 – Panchayati Raj

  • JL Nehru - India will prosper if villages prosper
  • Committees on Panchayati Raj
  • Balwant Rai Mehta: 1957
  • V. T. Krishnamachari: 1960
  • Takhtmal Jain Study Group: 1966
  • Ashok Mehta Committee: 1977
  • G. V. K. Rao Committee: 19: 5
  • Dr. Lm Singhvi Committee: 1986
  • Gram Sabha - Gram Panchayat (Village) - Anchal Panchayat (Block) - District Panchayat (District)
  • Punch, Sarpanch, 5 years
  • Collect Social, WPL, BPL, Taxes
  • Down development

Chapter 6 – Rural Administration

  • Government level
  • Water, electricity, road, land records and conflicts
  • police
  • Land Records - Patwari, Lekhpal, Village Officer (2 patches of land and conflict)
  • Record - purchase, sale, loan, split property, fertilizer
  • Hindu Succession Amendment Act 2005
  • Public Service - Milk, Bank, Police, Creche, Government School, Health Service

Chapter 7 – Urban Administration

  • Municipal Corporation/Council
  • Light, garbage, water, school, hospital
  • With money - property, water, sewer, professional, entertainment tax

Chapter 8 – Rural Livelihoods

  • Near the coastline in Tamil Nadu
  • Non-agricultural work - baskets, pots, bricks
  • Services - Washer Man, Nurse, Teacher, Barber
  • Borrow money, loans, government banks
  • Terrace farming Nagaland - Chakhesang Community - GP, work in clean weeds
  • Mawlynnong Meghalaya - Cleanest Village

Chapter 9 – Urban Livelihoods

  • The city never sleeps
  • 1 crore street vendor, city eye
  • Temporary employees - no job security, long hours of work, track progress
  • Permanent Staff

Developed by: