NCERT Class 7 Political Science Chapter 4: Growing up as Boys & Girls YouTube Lecture Handouts

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NCERT Class 7 Political Science Chapter 4: Growing up as Boys & Girls
  • Gender: Biological distinction b/w male & female
  • Explains inequalities and power relations
  • Differences in socialization and roles to play
  • Role՚s women play & work they do are usually valued less than the roles men play and the work they do
  • Identity: Sense of self-awareness of who one is

Case Studies

Samoa (1920s)

  • Island in Pacific Ocean
  • Children didn՚t go to school in 1920s
  • Fishing was important activity
  • Most works were learnt at home
  • Boys joined for outdoor activity like fishing and planting coconut
  • Girls looked after younger ones
  • Girls as teenagers went on fishing expeditions independently, weave baskets, cook at home

MP (1960s)

  • Separate schools for boys and girls
  • Total seclusion and safety from outside world – central courtyard for girls
  • Open playground for boys
  • Girls: Straight to home – fear of being teased or attacked

Where this Starts?

  • At an early age
  • With distinctions in roles to play
  • Boys given cars & girls given dolls
  • Now with colors, Boys associated with blue and girls with pink

Differences occur in:

  • Dressing
  • Talking
  • Games
  • Subjects to choose
  • Career to pick

Same status is not enjoyed

Valuing Housework

  • Housework
  • Caregiving
  • Looking after family
  • Looking after children, elderly and sick
  • This comes naturally and is never paid
  • Society devalues this work (no proper recognition is given)

Domestic Workers

  • Mainly women
  • Sweeping and cleaning
  • Washing clothes and dishes
  • Cooking
  • Looking after young children or elderly
  • Low wages
  • Hard Work
  • Heavy physical work
  • Fetch water
  • Carry heavy loads of firewood
  • Stoves are strenuous and physically demanding
  • Double burden with working women
Ratio of Domestic Workers

Work & Equality

  • Equality given in our constitution
  • No discrimination should exist
  • Positive steps to remedy the situation
  • Burden of child-care and housework falls on women and girls
  • Anganwaadi established
  • Mandatory for organizations that have more than 30 women employees to provide crèche facilities
  • Making possible for more girls to attend schools

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