Major Schemes and Ministries Arranged Sectorwise and Schemewise

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  • National Horticulture Mission
  • National Food Security Mission < details in food-agriculture notes >
  • Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana


  • Sarva Siksha Abhiyan
  • Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBY)

Health, Nutrition

  • Mid-day meal scheme
  • Rajiv Gandhi Drinking Water Mission
  • Total Sanitation Campaign
  • National Rural Health Mission
  • ICDS


  • Programmes for workers in unorganized sector

Urban Development


Rural Development

  • Bharat Nirman < various ministries >

Social Assistance

Social Justice and Tribal Welfare

  • Scheduled Tribes and other traditional forest dwellers (Recognition of forest rights) Act, 2006

Major Plans during the 11th plan

  • Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana
  • Bharat Nirman
  • Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme
  • National Food Security Mission
  • NRHM
  • SSA

Governments Plan Programme & Policies

Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana

  • For BPL, unorganized sector.
  • Oct 1,2007.
  • Smart card base Careless insurance cover.
  • ₹ 30,000/- per annum per family.
  • Beneficiary would Pay ₹ 30/- per annum as registration/renewal fee
  • 75: 25 Rest of India.
  • 90: 10 for N. E . & J. K

Rajiv Gandhi Shramik Kalyan Yojana

  • 1st April 2005
  • It is an unemployment allowance to the insured person for a period of max 12 month.
  • Also entitled to medical care of his/her family for a period of 12 month.


  • Important by ministry of Rural Development.
  • 2 Feb, 2006.
  • It guarantee wage employment.
  • 33 % participation for women.
  • Worker to obtain insurance under Jan Shree Bima Yojana of LIC.

Pradhan Mantri Sadak Yojana

  • On 25th December 2000.
  • 500 person rural and 250 person Hilly, tribal and Desert area.

Bharat Nirman

  • Pop. more than 1000 in the plain area.
  • 500 or more in hilly and tribal area by 2009.

Indra Awas Yojana

  • Important by ministry of Rural Development, since 1985 - 86.
  • Provide financial assistant for construction/upgradation of dwelling unit.
  • 35,000/- in plain area, 38,500/- hilly area, 15,000/- upgradation of Kuchha house.
  • 75: 25 basis.

Swarna Jayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojana

  • 1st April 1999.
  • After restruction and merging of Integrated rural development programme.
  • In 2009 - 2010, It was restructured as National Rural Livelihood mission.

Indra Gandhi National Widow Pension Scheme

  • Started from 2009.
  • ₹ 200/- per month to BPL, widows in the age group of 40 - 64 years

Indra Gandhi National Disability Pension Scheme

  • ₹ 200/- per month
  • BPL person.
  • B/W age group 18 - 64 years.

National Rural Drinking Water Programme

  • Implying by ministry of Rural Development
  • National Drinking water mission introduced in 1986.
  • 1991- renamed as Rajiv Gandhi National Drinking Water Mission.

Central Rural Sanitation Programme

  • 1986 – launched
  • Total Sanitation by- 2012. UN sponsored date – 2015.
  • 1999- Total Sanitation Campaign was launched under restructured Central Rural Sanitation programme.
  • It is a demand driven programme.

National Social Assistance Programme

  • In 1995.
  • To lay foundation for social assistance for the poor.
  • Art 41.

Indra Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme

  • Launched in 2007.
  • ₹ 200/- per month per beneficiary provide by centre.
  • 60 years and higher of BPL.
  • State were urged to contribute and then ₹ 200.

Annapurna Scheme

  • Introduced in 2000
  • Provide 10 kg of food grain per month free of cost.
  • Given to those person who could not could not cover under National old age pension scheme.

National Family Benefit Scheme

  • ₹ 5000/- in case of natural death.
  • ₹ 10,000/- in case of accidental death.
  • Provided to the family in case of death of primary bread winner of the family.
  • Primary bread winner- 18 to 64 years of age.

Back Ward Regions Grant Fund Programme

  • Launched in Barpeta (Assam) in 2007.
  • To addressing persistent regional imbalances in development.
  • It Sum summer the Rashtiya Sam Vikas Yojana (administrate by Planning Commission)

Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Yojana

  • Implemented by Ministry of Panchayati Raj.
  • Implemented in the non Back ward Regions Grant Fund Programme districts.
  • It provide Training and Capacity building of elected representatives and function of PRI.

Jawahar Lal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission

  • Launched 3rd December 2005.
  • Fast track development of cities.
  • Duration (5) year 2005 - 2006 to 2011 - 12.

National Urban Information System

  • Launched 2006.
  • To develop GIS database for 137 towns/cities in the country.
  • It has two components-- Urban spatial Information System Scheme - National Urban Databank and Indicators.


  • 2005
  • ₹ 66000 crore
  • To be implemented over a seven year period from 2005 to 2012
  • Focuses on 65 mission cities
  • Two aspects: improved urban infrastructure and improved urban basic services
  • The scheme walks on the twin legs of reforms and funds for projects
  • Reform agenda covered four broad areas like governance, citizen-responsive and process oriented, land and property related, and financial
  • Governance Reforms
    • Implementation of the 74th constitutional amendment
    • Transfer of city planning function to the local bodies
    • Administrative as well as structural reforms
    • Encouraging PPP
  • Process-oriented and Citizen-responsive
    • Adoption of double entry system of accounting
    • Introduction of the system of e-governance
    • Enactment of public disclosure and community participation laws
    • Rationalisation of stamp duty to a uniform 5 % across the country
  • Land and property-related reforms
    • Reform of property tax – at city level
    • Earmarking at least 20 % to 25 % of developed land for weaker sections – at city level
    • Amendment of rent control
    • Introduction of property title certification
  • Financial sustainability
    • Levy of reasonable user charges and city-wide property tax coverage and collection
  • Evaluation
    • While moderate implementation of reforms has taken place, many states and cities lag behind in completing milestones
    • While WB, MP, Maha, UP and KL have made good progress, AP, Karnataka and Gujarat lag behind in rent control reforms.
    • Among reforms, community participation legislation, rent control amendment and transfer of city planning function appear as the most complicated ones for implementation to the states as 18,15 and 14 states respectively have not been able to meet this reform milestone.
    • Out of the 537 infrastructure projects sanctioned so far for the 65 mission cities, only 81 have got completed so for

Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBY)


  • 2004
  • To set up upto 750 residential schools with boarding facilities at elementary level for girls belonging predominantly to the SC, ST, OBC and minorities in difficult areas.
  • The scheme will be coordinated with the existing schemes like SSA, National Programme for Education of Girls at Elementary Level (NPEGEL) and Mahila Samakhya (MS)


  • Only in identified Educationally Backward Blocks (EEB) where, as per census data of 2001, the female literacy is below the national average and gender gap in literacy is more than the national average
  • The criteria for eligible will be the same as in the NPEGEL scheme of SSA.
  • Funding – Centre: State 75: 25 during the tenth plan and 50: 50 thereafter.


  • Reduce gender disparities
  • Ensure access and quality education to the girls of disadvantaged groups of society by setting up residential schools with boarding facilities at elementary level

Bharat Nirman

  • Bharat Nirman, a programme to build rural infrastructure, was launched by the Government of India in 2005.
  • Phase II of the programme is being implemented from 2009 - 10 to 2011 - 12.


  • Drinking Water: Provide safe drinking water to all uncovered habitations by 2012. Implemented by Min of Rural Devt.
  • Housing: Target of 60 lakh additional houses for the poor achieved till 2009. New target of 1.2 crore houses by 2014 adopted. Being implemented through the Indira Awas Yojana programme of Min of Rural Devt.
  • Telecommunication and IT: Achieve 40 pc rural teledensity by the year 2014, ensure broadband coverage to all 2.5 lakh Panchayats and set up Bharat Nirman Seva Kendras at Panchayat level by 2012. Implementing: dept of telecomm. , Min of Comm and IT.
  • Roads: Connect all villages that have a population of 1000 (or 500 in hilly/tribal area) with an all weather road by 2012. Imple: Min of Rural Devt through PM Gram Sadak Yojana.
  • Electricity: Reach electricity to all villages and offer electricity connection to 1.75 crore poor households by 2012. Imple: Min of Power through the Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana that was launched in 2005.
  • Irrigation: Bring additional one crore hectare of land under assured irrigation by 2012. Imple: Ministry of Water Resources.

National Horticulture Mission

  • 2004, Centrally sponsored scheme.
  • Horticulture sector includes fruit, vegetables, spices, medicinal and aromatic plants, flowers, mushroom and a variety of plantation crops like coconut, arecanut, cashewnut and cocoa.
  • Objectives
    • Double the horticulture production, i.e.. . to achieve a production of 300 million tonnes by 2011 - 12
    • To establish convergence and synergy among various on-going and planned programmes in the field of horticulture development
    • To promote the development and dissemination of technologies by blending traditional wisdom and frontier knowledge.
  • It will focus in the areas of horticultural research, development, post harvest management, processing and marketing.
  • Through improved technologies in crop production
  • Post harvest management would include providing suitable infrastructure for handling, transport, storage and markets etc.

Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana

  • 2007
  • Aims at achieving 4 % annual growth in the agriculture sector during the XI plan period by ensuring a holistic development of agriculture and allied sectors.