Indian Dance, Natyashastra, & Bharatnatyam for Punjab PSC

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Image of Indian Dances

Image of Indian Dances

  • Dance is a form of art, where the body is used as a medium of communication.

  • The dance heritage of India is at least years old.

  • Dance is of divine origin.

  • Ritual form of worship in temples.

  • The wall paintings of Ajanta and Ellora, the sculptures of Khajuraho stand ample evidence for popularity of Indian dances from ancient times.

  • Nataraja, the dancing Lord Shiva, is the supreme manifestation of Indian dance.


  • Principals of Indian classical dance derived from natyashastra of bharatmuni.

  • Bharatmuni traces its origin from lord brahma-5th veda-natyaveda from existingvedas.

  • Pathya (words) taken from Rigveda.

  • Abhinaya (gestures) taken from Yajurveda.

  • Music taken from Samveda.

  • Rasa(emotions) taken from Atharvaveda.

Basic Aspects of Dance

  • Tandav-movements and rythm

  • Lasya-bhaav,grace,ras and abhinaya

  • In every dance,presence of mudras and rasa is must

  • rasa

  • Happiness, sorrow, compassion, wonder, anger,fear, courage,disgust and peace

  • Fundamental mudras.

  • Dancde is considered to be complete art.

Indian Classical Dance

  • classical dances

  • Two elements

  • governed by rules of natyashastra

  • Guru-shishya parampara

  • Recognized by Sangeet-natak akademi

8 Classical Dances of India
  • Bharatnatyam

  • Kuchipudi

  • Kathakali

  • Mohiniattam

  • Odishi

  • Manipuri

  • Kathak

  • Sattariyaa


Image of Bharatnatyam

Image of Bharatnatyam

  • Oldest among all slassical dances

  • Bhava (expression), Raga (music), Tala (rhythm), and Natya (classical theater).

  • It originates in South India.

  • It consists of multiple items:

  • Nritta- pure dance movements Abhinaya dramatic art of storytelling

  • Nritya- combination of nritta & abhinaya

  • Evolved from devdasi tradition.

  • Previously known as sadir,bashiattam and tanjaur natyam

  • Intially solo dance performane dominated by females.

  • Performed on Carnatic music.

Image of Bharatnatayam Dance form

Image of Bharatnatayam Dance Form

  • Costume are made of silk saris with gold embroidery and has a lot of pleats

  • Necklace, Bangles, and head ornaments are used as jewelry.

  • Bells mounted on woven pads are worn on the feet.

  • Fire dance

  • Tandav and lasya both aspects are involved.

  • Knees are bent.

  • Dancers right hand mundra katkamukh generally

  • Visualise her body like triangle

  • Theme religious and devotional

  • Ekcharya lasyanga style one dancers plays many different roles

  • Generally perfoemance completed with chanting of shlokas

  • Music carnAtic,language Sanskrit,tamil

  • Artists Chiniya,Ponaiyya Pilley,Vadivelu,Shivanandam

  • Present rukmani Arundey kalakshetra academy, yamini krishnamurti,sonal mansingh.

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