Jain caves, Junagadh caves, Bagh caves, Elephanta caves & Miscellaneous caves for Punjab PSC

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Jain Caves

Image of Jain Caves

Image of Jain Caves

  • Belong to the ninth and tenth centuries.

  • Belong to the Digambara sect

  • Reflect a strict sense of asceticism they are not relatively large as compared to others, but they present exceptionally detailed art works.

  • The most remarkable Jain shrines are the Chhota Kailash (cave), the Indra Sabha (cave), and the Jagannath Sabha (cave).

  • Amongst other devotional carvings, a place called Samavasarana can be found in Elora caves.

  • Samavasarana is of special interest to Jains, as it is a hall where the tirthankara preaches after attaining omniscience.

Image of Indra Sabha

Image of Indra Sabha

  • The Indra Sabha (Cave) is a two storeyed cave with one more monolithic shrine in its court.

  • It has a very fine carving of the lotus flower on the ceiling.

  • It got the appellation "Indra Sabha" probably it is significantly ornate and because of the sculpture of the yaksha Matanga on an elephant, which was wrongly identified as that of Indra.

  • On the upper level of the double storied shrine excavated at the rear of the court, an U image of Ambika, the yakshini of Neminath, is found seated on her lion under a mango tree, laden with fruits.

  • Jagannath sabha is smaller than Indrasabha

  • Well-proportioned torana, within it is a seated mahavira.

  • Upper storey has images of tirthankaras.

  • On the top of the hill rock hewn statue of Parshwanath.

Junagadh Caves

Image of Junagadh Caves

Image of Junagadh Caves

  • Time period around A.D.

  • Main feature Uparkot(citadel)

  • Lower portion halls

  • Its entrance is in the form of an arcway fine specimen of the hindu Torana

  • Many Buddhist caves

  • Site of Buddhist monastery

  • Halls,connected by winding staircases

  • Upper chamber a small refractory and a tank surrounded by corridor.

  • All supported by richly carved columns.

Bagh Caves

Image of Bagh Caves

Image of Bagh Caves

  • Near Bagh river, M.P.

  • Time period around th century CE.

  • Similar to Ajanta caves in all aspects.

  • Entirely Buddhist

  • Sandstone caves.

  • Beautiful fresco and sculptured stonework.

Elephanta Caves

Image of Elephanta Caves

Image of Elephanta Caves

  • Time around 8th century A.D.

  • On the islands of elephant,off the Mumbai

  • natively known as Gharapurichi Leni

  • UNESCO World Heritage Site.

  • Island derived it name from the giant carving of an elephant that used to stand at the old landing stage.

  • Consists of two groups of caves the first is a large group of five Hindu caves, the second, a smaller group of two Buddhist caves.

  • The Hindu caves contain rock cut stone sculptures, representing the Shaiva.

  • The Elephanta cave resembles in some aspects the th century Rashtrakuta rock temple Kailash at Ellora.

  • The Trimurti of Elephanta showing the three faces of Shiva is akin to the Trinity of Brahma, Vishnu, and Mahesh (Shiva), which was the royal insignia of the Rashtrakutas. T

  • he Nataraja and Ardhanarishvara sculptures are also attributed to the Rashtrakutas

  • The ganesh gumpha one of the earliest example of Brahmanical temple

  • Inresting sculpture wedding of shiv parvati,shiv tandav,ardhnarishwar,ravan shaking kailasa

Miscellaneous Caves

Image of Miscellaneous Caves

Image of Miscellaneous Caves

  • Nasik caves

  • Belongs to A.D.,also known as panduleni, Buddhist caves

  • Buddha represented in symbols throne,footprint

  • Undavalli caves

  • Near vijaywada,AP,TH century hindu cave temple

  • Cut intotiers along the slope of a black granite hill

  • Main attracton reclining statue of Vishnu,sculpted from a single block of granite

  • Udaygiri caves

  • rock cut chambers during gupta period

  • Cave varaha cave

  • Vital documents. Inscriptions

  • Eladipattam caves

  • At sittanavasal, B.C. to A.D.

  • Jain shelter inscriptions in brahm script,in tamil language

  • Site for kayotsarga and sallekhana

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