NCERT Class 9 Geography Chapter 1: Size & Location YouTube Lecture Handouts

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NCERT Class 9 Geography Chapter 1: India Size & Location

NCERT Class 9 Geography

Chapter 1: Size & Location

Location

  • Latitudes 8Β°4β€²N and 37Β°6β€²N
  • Longitudes 68Β°7β€²E and 97Β°25β€²E
  • Tropic of Cancer (23Β° 30β€²N) divides India in almost two equal halves
  • Southernmost point of Indian Union – β€˜Indira Point’ - submerged under water in 2004 during the Tsunami
  • Area - 3.28 million square km
  • 2.4 % area of the world
  • 7th Largest
  • Land Boundary – 15,200 km
  • Coastal Boundary including Islands -
    Evolution of the Worlds Population
  • Gujarat to Arun. P. – Time Diff – 2 hr
  • Standard Meridian of India (82Β°30β€²E) passing through Mirzapur (in UP)
  • India has longest coastline with Indian Ocean – Eminent Position – Only Ocean named after a COUNTRY

Suez Canal (1869) – Distance B/W India & Europe ↓ by 7000 Km

Suez Canal 1869 - Distance B W India & Europe

Historical Ties

  • What reached the world?
  • Upanishads and the Ramayana
  • Panchtantra
  • Indian numerals
  • Decimal system
  • Species
  • Muslin
  • Greek – Sculpture in India
  • West Asia – Domes & minarets
  • 29 States
  • 7 UTs
  • Smallest in Area – Goa
  • Largest in Area – Rajasthan (92 times of Goa)
  • Least Population – Sikkim
  • Largest Population – UP
Image of Bordering Country List of India
Bordering PakistanJ & K, Punjab, Rajasthan and Gujarat
Bordering ChinaJ & K, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh
Bordering NepalBihar, Uttarakhand, UP, Sikkim and West Bengal
Bordering BangladeshWest Bengal, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Tripura and Asom
Bordering BhutanWest Bengal, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh and Asom
Bordering MyanmarArunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur and Mizoram
Bordering AfghanistanJ & K (Pakistan-Occupied Area)

Before 1947 – Types of States

  • Provinces: Ruled directly by British officials who were appointed by the Viceroy
  • Princely states: Ruled by local, hereditary rulers, who acknowledged sovereignty in return for local autonomy?
  • B/W Sri Lanka & India: Palk Strait & Gulf of Mannar
  • Maldives Islands: South of the Lakshadweep Islands
  • Kanyakumari (Cape Comorin – Tamil Nadu) – 3 seas Meet

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