NCERT Class 9 Geography Chapter 6: Population YouTube Lecture Handouts

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NCERT Class 9 Geography Chapter 6: Population - India

Why Population is Important?

  • Resource – human beings are producers and consumers
  • Calamity
  • Disaster

Why Census is Important?

  • First census in 1872, complete census in 1881
  • Every 10 years
  • Official enumeration of population
  • Population Size and Distribution
  • Population growth and change
  • Characteristics and quality of population – age, sex, literacy

Census Highlights 2011

  • Motto 2011 β€œOur Census, Our future”
  • Half of population lives in 5 states
    • Uttar Pradesh
    • Maharashtra
    • Bihar
    • West Bengal
    • Andhra Pradesh
Census Highlights 2011

Population Distribution

Population Distribution
Table of Top Populous of the Country
Top Populous of the Country
1Uttar Pradesh19,98, 12,341
2Maharashtra11,23, 74,333
3Bihar10,40, 99,452
4West Bengal9,12, 76,115
5Andhra Pradesh8,45, 80,777
Least Populous of the Country
1Lakshadweep64,473
2Daman and Diu2,43, 247
3Dadra and Nagar Haveli3,43, 709
4Andaman and Nicobar Islands3,80, 581
5Sikkim6,10, 577
Table of Highest and Lowest Population in Indias State
Highest Populous UTDelhi
Least Populous UTLakshadweep
Highest Populous stateUttar Pradesh
Least populous stateSikkim
Highest urban Population in India (State & UT)Maharashtra – 4,11, 00,980
Lowest urban Population in India (State & UT)Lakshadweep – 26,967
Highest Rural Population in India (State & UT)Uttar Pradesh – 13,16, 58,339
Lowest Rural Population in India (State & UT)Lakshadweep – 33,683
Table of Density of Population
Density of Population (Person per sq km)
Density of Population In India382
Highest Density In StateDelhi (11297)
Lowest Density In StateArunachal Pradesh (17)

Population Change

  • Death Rate
  • Birth Rate
  • Migration – Internal & international
  • 1951 - 81 – steady increase in population
  • Since 1981- population growth declined – BR declined

Urban

  • All places with a municipality, corporation, cantonment board or notified town area committee, etc.
  • All other places which satisfied the following criteria:
    • Minimum population of 5,000
    • At least 75 per cent of the male main working population engaged in non-agricultural pursuits
    • Density of population of at least 400 persons per sq. km.
Table of Type of Towns
Type of Towns/UAs/OGsNumber of towns
2011 Census2001 Census
1Statutory Towns4,0413,799
2Census Towns3,8941,362
3Urban Agglomerations475384
4Out Growths981962
  • Total urban population in India as per Census 2011 is more than 377 million constituting 31.16 % of the total population
  • 3 megacities (population more than 10 million) – Greater Mumbai, Delhi & Kolkata
  • 53 million plus cities

Age Composition

Age Composition

Sex Ratio & Child Sex Ratio

Sex Ratio and Child Sex Ratio
Table of Sex Ratio in India
Sex ratio in India940
Highest sex ratio in stateKerala (1084)
Lowest sex ratio in stateHaryana (879)
Highest sex ratio in UTPondicherry (1037)
Lowest sex ratio in UTDaman and Diu (618)
Child (0 - 6 years) sex ratio914
Highest child (0 - 6) sex ratio in stateMizoram (971)
Lowest child (0 - 6) sex ratio in stateHaryana (830)
Literacy Rate in India

Male literacy rate increased from 40.4 % in 1961 Census to 82.14 % in 2011 Female literacy rate increased from 15.4 % in 1961 Census to 65.46 % in 2011

Census 2011: A person in age limit of seven and above, who can both write and read with understanding in any of the language

Table of Total Person Literacy Rate
Total Person Literacy Rate74 %
Males82.14 %
Females65.46 %
Highest Literacy Rate in StateKerala (94 %)
Lowest Literacy Rate in StateBihar (61.8 %)
Hightest Literacy Rate in UTLakshadweep (91 %)
Lowest Literacy Rate in UTDadra and Nagar Haveli (76.24 %)
  • Hindi 41 % population.
  • Bengali (8.1 %)
  • Telugu (7.2 %)
  • Marathi (7 %)
  • Tamil (5.9 %)
  • Population of India is estimated to rise from 1.02 billion in 2001 to 1.19 billion in 2011 and 1.4 billion in 2026

Occupational Structure

  • Primary
  • Secondary
  • Tertiary

Worker Classification

  • In 1961: Any person who had worked at least one hour a day
  • In 1971: Person worked on any one of the days during the reference period of one week prior to the date of enumeration
  • 4: Cultivators, Agricultural laborers, Household industry (manufacturing, processing, service and repairs) and others
  • 1981: Main workers (> 183 days/year) , marginal workers and non-workers
  • 1991: 9 categories – Cultivators; Agricultural Laborers; Livestock, forestry. fishing, hunting, plantations, orchards and allied activities; Mining and quarrying; Manufacturing, processing, servicing and repairs (Household industry & Other than household industry) ; Construction; Trade and commerce; Transport, storage and communication & Other services
  • 2001: Cultivators, Agricultural laborers, Household industry (manufacturing, processing, service and repairs) and others
  • Birth rate
  • Death Rate
  • Nutrition
  • Girl Child
  • Family Planning Program – 1952

NPP 2000

  • Free and compulsory school education up to 14 years of age
  • Reducing infant mortality rate to below 30 per 1000 live births
  • Achieving universal immunization of children against all vaccine preventable diseases
  • Promoting delayed marriage for girls
  • Making family welfare a people-centered program

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