Tham Luang Nang Non Cave Details and Topography for Rajasthan PSC

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Tham Luang Nang Non (Great Cave of the Sleeping Lady) is a karstic cave system in the Tham Luang Forest Park, in northern Thailand. On 2 July 2018, the cave was brought to international prominence when twelve members of a junior association football team and their assistant coach were found trapped in the cave due to monsoonal flooding since 23 June. A rescue effort succeeded in bringing them out safely by 10 July. One Thai rescue diver lost his life in the attempt.

Krast Topography

Krasti refers to the topography formed by the dissolution of soluble rocks such as limestone, dolomite, and gypsum. The study of karst is considered of prime importance in petroleum geology since as much as 50% of the world's hydrocarbon reserves are hosted in porous karst systems.

The world's largest limestone karst is Australia's Nullarbor Plain.Slovenia has the world's highest risk of sinkholes, while the western Highland Rim in the eastern United States is at the second-highest risk of karst sinkholes. Mexico hosts important karstic regions in the Yucatán peninsula and Chiapas.The South China Karst in the provinces of Guizhou, Guangxi, and Yunnan provinces is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Cave Characteristics

Tham Luang Nang Non cave's main entrance chamber is 80 metres long. It winds through 10.3 kilometres of limestone strata and has many deep recesses, narrow tunnels, boulder chokes, collapses, and sumps.

Stalactites and stalagmites are found throughout the cave.

There is a permanent stream inside the cave, which enters from the west, flows with the passage for several metres, and exits via the eastern wall.

The cave is enthralling. It looks like the gateway to another world. In some senses, it is. During the rainy season the water levels at tight spots in the cave can rise dramatically, trapping would-be explorers inside.

Northern Thai caves, then, have little to do with Buddhism. But religion in Thailand and especially the North is, a blend of different influences: a belief in the power of particular people and places, a respect for Buddhist teachings, and a model of kingly power based on older Hindu traditions in the region.

The sum of all these characteristics not only extends tourism potential. But in efficient vulnerability management can expose visitors to dangerous episodes like what happened to the Wild Boars soccer team.