Details on Amber, Kotah, Bikaner & Kishangarh School for Rajasthan PSC Exam

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Amber – Jaipur School

Amber-Jaipur School
  • The State of Amber had the closest relations with the Mughal Emperors.
  • It is generally believed that a school of painting originated at Amber, the old capital of the Amber State, in early th century.
  • Later on in the th century, the centre of artistic activity shifted to Jaipur, the new capital.
  • There is a fairly large number of portraits of the Jaipur rulers and miniatures on other subjects, which can definitely be assigned to the Jaipur School.

Kotah School

Kotah School
  • A style of painting very much akin to the Bundi style also prevailed in Kotah a place near Bundi, during the late th and th centuries.
  • Themes of tiger and bear hunt were very popular at Kotah.
  • In Kotah paintings, most of the space is occupied by the hilly jungle, which has been rendered with a unique charm.

Bikaner School

Bikaner School
  • Bikaner was one of the States, which had close relations with the Mughals.
  • Some of the Mughal artists during the half of the th century were given patronage by the Bikaner court.
  • They were responsible for the introduction of a new style of painting having much similarity with the Mughal and the Deccani styles.
  • One important artist Ali Raza “the Ustad (master) of Delhi” , was employed by Raja Karan Singh of Bikaner in about A. D.
  • Some other noteworthy artists who worked at the Bikaner court were Ruknuddin and his son Shahadin.

Kishangarh School

Kishangarh School
  • During the second quarter of the th century, there developed the most charming school of Rajasthani painting in Kishengarh under the patronage of Raja Savant Singh ( A. D.)
  • He wrote devotional poetry in praise of Krishna, under the assumed name of Nagari Das.
  • Unfortunately, only a small number of Kishengarh miniatures are available.
  • Most of them are believed to have been done by the master painter Nihal Chand who, in his works, has been able to create visual images of his master՚s lyrical compositions.
  • The artist has executed types of human figures, delicately drawn, with slender bodies and uptilted eyes.
  • The painting is marked by delicate drawing, fine modelling of the human figures and cows and the broad vista of landscape showing a stream, rows of overlapping trees, and architecture.
  • The artist has displayed a masterly skill in the grouping of many figures in the miniature. The painting has a golden inner border. It is ascribed to the middle of the th century and may be the work of Nihal Chand the famous artist of Kishengarh.
Rajasthani Style and Mughal Style