Details on Basohli School, Guler, Kullu-Mandi School for Rajasthan PSC Exam

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Basohli School

Basohli School
  • The earliest centre of painting in the Pahari region was Basohli where under the patronage of Raja Kripal Pal, an artist named Devidasa executed miniatures in the form of the Rasamanjari illustrations
  • The Basohli style of painting is characterised by vigorous and bold line and strong glowing colours
  • An illustration from a series of Gita Govinda painted by artist Manaku shows further development of the Basohli style depicts Krishna in the company of gopis in a grove on the bank of a river.
  • There is a change in the facial type which becomes a little heavier and also in the tree forms which assume a somewhat naturalistic character, which may be due to the influence of the Mughal painting
  • Otherwise, the general features of the Basohli style like the use of strong and contrasting colours, monochrome background, large eyes, bold drawing, Use of beetles wings for showing diamonds in ornaments, narrow sky, and the red border are observable in this miniature also.

Guler School

Guler School
  • The last phase of the Basohli style was closely followed by the Jammu group. of paintings mainly consisting of portraits of Raja Balwant Singh of Jasrota (a small place near Jammu)
  • By Nainsukh, an artist who originally belonged to Guler but had settled at Jasrota.
  • He worked both at Jasrota and at Guler.
  • These paintings are in a new naturalistic and delicate style marking a change from the earlier traditions of the Basohli art.
  • The colours used are soft and cool.
  • The style appears to have been inspired by the naturalistic style of the Mughal painting of the Muhammad Shah period.

Kullu-Mandi School

Kullu-Mandi School
  • Flourished a folk style of painting in the Kulu-Mandi area, mainly inspired by the local tradition.
  • The style is marked by bold drawing and the use of dark and dull colours.
  • Though influence of the Kangra style is observed in certain cases yet the style maintains its distinct folkish character.
  • A large number of portraits of the Kulu and Mandi rulers and miniatures on other themes are available in this style.
  • Example of the Kulu painting is of two girls flying kites.
  • The miniature is in the folk style of the late 18th century and is marked by bold drawing and dark and dull colour scheme.
  • The background colour is dull blue.
  • The girls are wearing the typical costumes and ornaments, which prevailed, in the Kulu region in that period.
  • Two flying parrots indicate sky in a symbolic manner.
  • The miniature belongs to the collection of the National Museum.