Indian Dance, Natyashastra, & Bharatnatyam for Rajasthan PSC Exam

Get unlimited access to the best preparation resource for competitive exams : get questions, notes, tests, video lectures and more- for all subjects of your exam.

Indian Dances
  • Dance is a form of art, where the body is used as a medium of communication.
  • The dance heritage of India is at least years old.
  • Dance is of divine origin.
  • Ritual form of worship in temples.
  • The wall paintings of Ajanta and Ellora, the sculptures of Khajuraho stand ample evidence for popularity of Indian dances from ancient times.
  • Nataraja, the dancing Lord Shiva, is the supreme manifestation of Indian dance.


  • Principals of Indian classical dance derived from natyashastra of bharatmuni.
  • Bharatmuni traces its origin from lord brahma- 5th veda-natyaveda from existing vedas.
  • Pathya (words) taken from Rigveda.
  • Abhinaya (gestures) taken from Yajurveda.
  • Music taken from Samveda.
  • Rasa (emotions) taken from Atharvaveda.

Basic Aspects of Dance

  • Tandav-movements and rythm
  • Lasya-bhaav, grace, ras and abhinaya
  • In every dance, presence of mudras and rasa is must
  • rasa
  • Happiness, sorrow, compassion, wonder, anger, fear, courage, disgust and peace
  • Fundamental mudras.
  • Dancde is considered to be complete art.

Indian Classical Dance

  • classical dances
  • Two elements
  • governed by rules of natyashastra
  • Guru-shishya parampara
  • Recognized by Sangeet-natak akademi
8 Classical Dances of India
  • Bharatnatyam
  • Kuchipudi
  • Kathakali
  • Mohiniattam
  • Odishi
  • Manipuri
  • Kathak
  • Sattariyaa


  • Oldest among all slassical dances
  • Bhava (expression) , Raga (music) , Tala (rhythm) , and Natya (classical theater) .
  • It originates in South India.
  • It consists of multiple items:
  • Nritta- pure dance movements Abhinaya dramatic art of storytelling
  • Nritya- combination of nritta & abhinaya
  • Evolved from devdasi tradition.
  • Previously known as sadir, bashiattam and tanjaur natyam
  • Intially solo dance performane dominated by females.
  • Performed on Carnatic music.
Bharatnatayam Dance Form
  • Costume are made of silk saris with gold embroidery and has a lot of pleats
  • Necklace, Bangles, and head ornaments are used as jewelry.
  • Bells mounted on woven pads are worn on the feet.
  • Fire dance
  • Tandav and lasya both aspects are involved.
  • Knees are bent.
  • Dancers right hand mundra katkamukh generally
  • Visualise her body like triangle
  • Theme religious and devotional
  • Ekcharya lasyanga style one dancers plays many different roles
  • Generally perfoemance completed with chanting of shlokas
  • Music carnAtic, language Sanskrit, tamil
  • Artists Chiniya, Ponaiyya Pilley, Vadivelu, Shivanandam
  • Present rukmani Arundey kalakshetra academy, yamini krishnamurti, sonal mansingh.