Pet Infections: Pathogens and Symptoms Part 2

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Pet Infections, Pathogens and Symptoms
DiseasePathogen (s)Animals involvedMode of transmissionSymptoms
GlandersBurkholderia mallei.horses, donkeysdirect contactFever with chills and sweating, Muscle aches, Chest pain, Muscle tightness, Headache, Nasal discharge, Light sensitivity (sometimes with excessive tearing of the eyes)
HantavirusHantavirus spp.deer mice, cotton rats and other rodentsexposure to feces, urine or bodily fluidsA fever and chills, Muscle aches and headache, Fatigue, Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and belly pain.

Within a few days, you՚ll start to have more serious symptoms, Shortness of breath, Coughing, A fast heartbeat and fast breathing. These are signs of fluid buildup in the lungs pulmonary edema.

HistoplasmosisHistoplasma capsulatumbirds, batsinhaling fungi in guanoChest pain, Chills, Cough, Fever, Joint pain and stiffness, Muscle aches and stiffness, Rash Shortness of breath
InfluenzaInfluenza A virushorses, pigs, domestic and wild birds, wild aquatic mammals such as seals and whales, minks and farmed carnivoresdroplets transmitted through airFever over 100.4 F (38 C) , Aching muscles, especially in your back, arms and legs, Chills and sweats, Headache, Dry, persistent cough Fatigue and weakness, Nasal congestion Sore throat
Japanese encephalitisJapanese encephalitis viruspigs, water birdsmosquito biteLess than 1 % of people infected with JE virus develop clinical illness, In persons who develop symptoms, the incubation period is typically 5 - 15 days, Initial symptoms often include fever, headache, and vomiting, Mental status changes, neurologic symptoms, weakness, and movement disorders might develop over the next few days, Seizures are common, especially among children.
LeprosyMycobacterium leprae, Mycobacterium lepromatosisarmadillos, monkeys, rabbits, micedirect contact, including meat consumption. However, scientists believe most infections are spread human to human.muscle weakness numbness in the hands, arms, feet, and legs skin lesions
LeptospirosisLeptospira interrogansrats, mice, pigs, horses, goats, sheep, cattle, buffaloes, raccoons, dogsdirect or indirect contact with urine of infected animalshigh temperature that is usually between 38C and 40C, chills sudden headaches nausea and vomiting, loss of appetite, muscle pain, particularly affecting the muscles in the calves and lower back conjunctivitis cough a short-lived rash
Lyme diseaseBorrelia burgdorferideer, wolves, dogs, birds, rodents, rabbits, hares, reptilestick biteErythema migrans, join pain, Neurological problems, Heart problems, Eye Infection, Liver inflammation, severe fatigue.
OrfOrf virusgoats, sheepclose contactIn humans, first sign of orf is a small, red, itchy or painful lump that usually appears on the fingers, hands, forearms or face after an incubation period of three to five days. The lesion will usually be firm, red or blue in colour and 2 - 5cm in diameter.

As the condition progresses over a three- to six-week period, a pustule or blister that weeps fluid will develop on top and eventually crust over. Other possible symptoms include a mild fever, general tiredness and enlarged lymph glands.

PsittacosisChlamydophila psittacimacaws, cockatiels, budgerigars, pigeons, sparrows, ducks, hens, gulls and many other bird speciescontact with bird dropletsfever and chills.

nausea and vomiting, muscle and joint pain, diarrhea, weakness.

fatigue, cough

Q feverCoxiella burnetiilivestock and other domestic animals such as dogs and catsinhalation of spores, contact with bodily fluid or faeceshigh fever, chills or sweats, cough, chest pain while breathing, headache, clay-colored stools, diarrhea, nausea, abdominal pain, jaundice, muscle pain, shortness of breath
RabiesRabies viruscommonly – dogs, bats, monkeys, raccoons, foxes, skunks, cattle, goats, sheep, wolves, coyotes, groundhogs, horses, opossums, mongooses and catsthrough saliva by biting, or through scratches from an infected animalSwelling of the brain and the spinal cord, Frequent headache, Feeling of Nausea, Severe stomach pain, Develop muscle cramps, It causes drowsiness, Causes Insomnia, Develop severe fever, Feeling of Anxiety, Develop a state of confusion, Causes hallucination, excess secretion of saliva, Develop problem during swallowing, Develop fear from water
Rat-bite feverStreptobacillus moniliformis, Spirillum minusratsbites of rats but also urine and mucus secretionsFever and chills, Headache, Skin rash, Muscle pain

Arthritis, Vomiting and diarrhea, Complications

Rift Valley feverPhleboviruslivestock, buffaloes, camelsmosquito bite, contact with bodily fluids, blood, tissues, breathing around butchered animals and/or raw milkonly a mild illness with fever, headache, muscle pains, and liver abnormalities

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