Indian Architecture and Sculpture & Town planning for Tripura PSC

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Indian Architecture and Sculpture

Image of Indian Architecture and Sculpture

Image of Indian Architecture and Sculpture

Indus valley civilization

Image of Indus Valley Civilization

Image of Indus Valley Civilization

  • Architecture

  • Town planning

  • Public bath

  • Granaries

  • dockyard

  • Sculpture

    • Bronze and terracotta sculpture

    • Seals

    • Stone sculpture

  • Miscelleneous

  • Ornaments

  • Pottery

Indus Valley Architecture

  • Indigenous art

  • No influence of outside.

  • Different from ancient and medieval architecture.

  • No integral use of sculpture.

  • Concentration on utility factor rather than artistic factor.

  • (Decorative embellishment may have been lost over time)

Town Planning

  • 3rd millennium B.C.

  • On and around Indus riverbank.

  • Walled cities for security.

  • No evidence of temples or any religious structure.

  • Burnt brick was widely used

  • Roads were wide and at right angles to one another-rectangular grid pattern of layout

  • Existence of assembly halls,workshops,hostels and market place

Two Parts of the Town

Image of Two Parts of Town

Image of Two Parts of Town

  • Citadel upper part for elite class Dominant citadel suggests some kind of political authority.

  • Non-citadel lower part for common people.

Houses

Image of houses of town planing

Image of Houses of Town Planing

  • Built of begged clay

  • Fixed size

  • Use of stone and wood

  • Included bath, upper storeys, and wells.

  • Evidence of big buildings public buildings or administrative or business centre.

  • Pillared halls and courtyard.

Public Bath

Image of Public Bath

Image of Public Bath

  • Tank type, stairs

  • Small rooms along with the bath.

  • Importance of ritual bathing.

  • Importance of cleanliness.

  • The great bath of Mohenjo-Daro.

  • Still functional.

  • No leakages or cracks.

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