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Watch Video Lecture on YouTube: Global Monsoon Systems in Climatology - 5 Regimes

Global Monsoon Systems in Climatology - 5 Regimes

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MONSOONS

Dr. Manishika Jain explains what are monsoons, the different monsoon regions of the world and formation of monsoons.

  • Found in tropics

  • Warm and humid air rises in the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ)

  • Patterns of distinctly wet and dry seasons

  • Not same throughout the tropics

  • Locations of continents and oceans influence the regional patterns of winds and rain.

  • Strong monsoons found in Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean meet

  • India and South Asia to the north of the equator and Australia south of the equator.

  • Wet summers and dry winters- ITCZ moves back and forth across the equator.

  • South Asian monsoon- Indian monsoon is strong because the Himalayas block dry air.

  • South of the Sahara Desert in West Africa and the Sahel is also monsoon region.

  • Monsoons in Americas are weaker

  • Seasonal shift in the location of tropical precipitation indicates a shift in the location of the ITCZ causing monsoons

Image of Indian Monsoon

Image of Indian Monsoon

Image of Monsoons Map

Image of Monsoons Map

Image of Monsoon-6

Image of Monsoon-6

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