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Types of Housing

Agenda

  • Types of housing

  • Characteristics of housing

Pueblo Revival Style

Image of Pueblo Revival Style House

Image of Pueblo Revival Style House

Image of Pueblo Revival Style House

Pueblo Revival Style

  • Most popular in the Southwest in early 20th century

  • Influenced by the ancient Pueblo Indians' simple multifamily homes

  • Earthy materials such as adobe, concrete, stucco or mortar

  • Uses large wood beams

  • Enclosed courtyards and flat or sloping roofs

  • Rounded exteriors with square windows

Colonial Style

Image of Colonial Style House

Image of Colonial Style House

Image of Colonial Style House

  • Usually 2 or 3 stories with high-pitched roof

  • One or more dormers

  • Massive chimneys

  • Narrow clapboard siding

  • Double-hung, multipane windows that are symmetrical on either side of central front door

  • Decorative crown over front door supported by pilasters or columns

Cape Cod Style

Image of Cape Cod Style House

Image of Cape Cod Style House

Image of Cape Cod Style House

Cape Cod – by English Colonist in USA in 1600s

  • Steep roof with side gables, 1 chimney usually on end

  • 1.5 stories, with 1 or more dormers on the half story

  • Sided with wide clapboards, wood shingles, or brick

  • Centered front door, most often plain, but sometimes with portico

  • Hardwood floors and center hall floor plan

  • Multipaned, double-hung windows with decorative shutters

Cottage Style

Image of Cottage Style House

Image of Cottage Style House

Image of Cottage Style House

Cottage Style

  • Tall, peaked roof

  • Masonry chimney

  • Meandering walkway to the front door

  • Large, multipane windows

  • Wood siding (often shingles)

  • Surrounded by flowers and climbing plants

Craftsman Style

Image of Craftsman Style House

Image of Craftsman Style House

Image of Craftsman Style House

Craftsman Style –Arts and Crafts

  • Low-pitched gable roof with exposed rafters, decorative beams, or braces under the gables

  • Wide, welcoming porch supported by massive columns

  • Wood, stone, or stucco siding

  • Double-hung windows often grouped in 3s, with upper sashes divided into 2-3 panes over plain lower sash

  • Open floor plan, built-in cabinets, shelving, and seating

  • Organic colors and natural materials

Farmhouse Style

Image of Farmhouse Style House

Image of Farmhouse Style House

Image of Farmhouse Style House

Farmhouse Style – Simplified Victorian

  • Asymmetrical plan with dormers and gables

  • Either shingle or metal roof

  • Tall windows

  • Wrap around porch with some Victorian detailing

  • Lap siding with simple moldings and trim

Federal Revival Style

Image of Federal Revival Style House

Image of Federal Revival Style House

Image of Federal Revival Style House

Federal Revival Style – Origin England, in USA in 1700s

  • Large 2-story brick with massive chimneys

  • Centered front door sheltered by portico and topped with fan-shaped transom light

  • Dentil moldings in cornice and fan-shape or elliptical gable windows

  • Palladian windows

  • Oval rooms and recessed wall niches

Georgian Revival Style

Image of Georgian Revival Style House

Image of Georgian Revival Style House

Image of Georgian Revival Style House

Georgian Revival Style

  • More angular than Federal

  • Common in USA 1715 to 1780s

  • Brick or wood sided, symmetrical & square in shape

  • Centered front door, usually flattened columns on each side & decorative crown on top

  • Medium-pitched roof with a chimney on every end

  • Minimal roof overhang

  • 5 double-hung windows or dormers across front with 9 or 12 panes in each sash

Victorian Style

Image of Victorian Style House

Image of Victorian Style House

Image of Victorian Style House

Victorian Style

  • Queen Anne Style

  • Steep gable roofs

  • Ornamental woodwork

  • Tall, narrow windows

  • Turned columns, turrets, and porches

  • Decorative wooden brackets, patterned shingles, clapboard siding

  • Combinations of up to eight exterior colors on the same house

Shingle Style

Image of Shingle Style House

Image of Shingle Style House

Image of Shingle Style House

Shingle Style

  • Vacation home along shores of New England

  • Origin in 19th Century

  • Variant of Victorian houses

  • Continuous shingle cladding on all exteriors

  • Free form with rambling architecture

  • Stone chimney

  • Wide porches, asymmetrical massing, dormer windows

  • Lower portion may be clad in heavy stone

Greek Revival Style

Image of Greek Revival Style House

Image of Greek Revival Style House

Image of Greek Revival Style House

Greek Revival Style

  • Common in mid 1800s

  • Square, with tall double-hung windows on every side

  • Shallow-pitched roof

  • Front-facing columned portico, with supporting triangular pediment

  • White clapboard exterior

  • Decorative pilasters

  • Dentil moldings & heavy cornice

Italinate Style

Image of Italinate Style House

Image of Italinate Style House

Image of Italinate Style House

Italinate Style

  • Based on villas in Italy

  • Between mid-to-late 1800s

  • Decorative corbels, window cornices

  • Doorways and porches with rounded windows

  • Columned entryways and rectangular windows

International Style

Image of International Style House

Image of International Style House

Image of International Style House

International Style

  • Less is more

  • Free flowing space

  • Lack of clutter

  • Flat roof and large expanses of glass

  • Neutral palette, simple geometric shapes

  • Constructed of steel and concrete so to have open interiors

  • Clad in white stucco or wood

  • Tubular steel railings around porches and decks

Mediterranean Revival Style

Image of Mediterranean Revival Style House

Image of Mediterranean Revival Style House

Image of Mediterranean Revival Style House

Mediterranean Revival Style

  • Heritage of mission church by Spanish colonist

  • Mainly in Southwest and California

  • Clad in adobe-like stucco

  • Flat or low-pitch roof with clay tiles

  • Balconies with black, wrought-iron railings

  • Often built around access to an inner courtyard

  • Deeply shaded porches and dark interiors

  • Terra-cotta pavers

Ranch House Style

Image of Ranch Style House

Image of Ranch Style House

Image of Ranch Style House

Ranch House Style

  • 1950’s and 60’s

  • On cheap land

  • Economical houses

  • Single story, with low-pitched gable end

  • Rectangular or L or U-shaped

  • Long and low to the ground

  • Sliding glass doors leading to a patio

  • Attached garage with open floor plan

  • Plain look

Southern Colonial Style

Image of Southern Colonial Style House

Image of Southern Colonial Style House

Image of Southern Colonial Style House

Southern Colonial Style

  • Chimneys at end unlike northern version

  • Steeply pitched gable roof

  • Symmetrical in shape, with Centered front door

  • Multipane, tall, double-hung windows

  • Narrow plan, often only one room deep

  • Wide, welcoming front porch

  • Tall foundation walls to protect against moisture damage

Spanish Colonial Style

Image of Spanish Colonial Style House

Image of Spanish Colonial Style House

Image of Spanish Colonial Style House

Spanish Colonial Style

  • In South-western USA

  • Massive masonry walls made of rough-cut stone blocks, or wood-frame walls with stucco

  • Muted earth tones of red clay on exterior

  • Small windows

  • Large, ornate wooden doors

  • Low, flat roof

Tudor Style

Image of Tudor Style House

Image of Tudor Style House

Image of Tudor Style House

Tudor Style

  • Indicative of fairy-tale castles

  • Popular in USA in 1920-30s, & again in 70-'80s.

  • Steeply pitched roofs with wide gables and massive chimneys

  • Brick and stucco cladding with stone trim and door surrounds

  • Tall, narrow, casement windows with multiple panes

  • Larger Tudors feature wood and stucco half-timbering

Art Deco Style

Image of Art Deco Style House

Image of Art Deco Style House

Image of Art Deco Style House

Art Deco Style

  • Ancient Egypt, Hollywood and Miami Beach

  • Flat roof

  • Smooth Stucco Walls with rounded corners

  • Bold exterior decoration

  • Mostly for office buildings

Neoclassical Style

Image of Neoclassical Style House

Image of Neoclassical Style House

Image of Neoclassical Style House

Neoclassical Style

  • Reflects architecture of Greece and Rome

  • In the early 20th century used by government buildings and universities

  • Symmetry, tall columns, elaborate doorways

  • Evenly spaced windows

  • Example is Thomas Jefferson's Monticello in Virginia

Contemporary Housing

Image of Contemporary Style House

Image of Contemporary Style House

Image of Contemporary Style House

Contemporary – Large Glass Panes

  • Natural siding materials like wood or stone

  • Odd, irregular shapes

  • Plain, lack of ornamentation

  • Open floor plan

  • Cathedral ceilings and exposed beams, or flat roofs

Prairie Style

Image of Prairie Style House

Image of Prairie Style House

Image of Prairie Style House

Prairie Style

  • Simple material

  • Open floor

  • Long flat roofs

  • Rows of windows

  • Horizontal lines and organic patterns

Townhouse

Image of Town Style House

Image of Town Style House

Image of Town Style House

Townhouse

  • Mostly found in urban areas

  • Called row house or townhouse

  • Popular in the early 19th century

  • Due to limited space and financial benefits for the architect/builder

  • They are two stories or more with a traditional layout, side hallways and minimal lawn space

Oriental Style

Image of Oriental Style House

Image of Oriental Style House

Image of Oriental Style House

Oriental Style

  • Rooted in Chinese architecture

  • Curved roof that expands far beyond the exterior walls

  • Framed with beautiful landscaping