Society and Economy Panchamahayagya

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Society and Economy

  • Sapinda: Blood relations on the mother's side; persons on thee same gotra on thee father's side

  • Varnasamkara: castes emerged due to foreign, prohibited and communal marriages

  • Grhyasutra mentions about Samskara:

  • Garbhadhana: to promote conception

  • Pumsavana: to procuree a male child

  • Simantonnayana: to ensure safety to child in womb

  • Jatakarma: birth ceremony before cutting of umbilical chord

  • Namakarna: the naming ceremony on the 10th or 12th day after birth.

  • Niskarma: child taken out of home and shown the sun for the first time

  • Annaprasanna: first feeding of solid food

  • Chudakarma: took place in the 3rd year of boys

  • Karnavedha: Ear-piercing

  • Vidyarambha: Between 5 and 7

  • Investiture: Upanayana - Second birth - which is ideal for the Bra - 8 year; Kshatriyas - 10 years; Vaisyas - 12 years

  • Vedaramha: studing of Veda

  • Kesanta: the first saving of beard

  • Samavartana: the ritual ending of the student life

  • Vivaha: marriage

  • Antyesti: the funeral ritual

  • In Manusmriti: 12 Samaskaras mentioned; in Grihya Sutra between 12 to 18; and in Gautama's Dharamsutras 16.

  • Gotra: for the first time appeared in the Athrava Veda

  • Chandrayana: Appeared in Baudhayana Sutra, which means a man marrying the same gotra must perform Chandrayana penance.

  • Kalivarjya: Widow Remarriage - customs once permissible.

  • According to Arthashastra: mere are three types of Conquests:

  • Dharamavijya- Righteous conquest

  • Zhowijaya: Greed Conquest

  • Aasuravijya: Demonic Conquest


  • Gautama regarded Panchamahayagya as a part of the Sansakara

  • Brahama Yagya: for in-tellectual growth, for Gurus;

  • Deva Yagya: To get rid of the obligations and loans of the God;

  • Butta Yagya: from life loan;

  • Pitri yagya: from the loan of fa-thfir;

  • AthithiYagya: from the loan of the whole society

  • Srauta yagya : Gautama has mentioned Sapt Havir yagya According to Asvalayana

  • Aganayaya : two days ritual of wife and husband with four priests;

  • Dashapurnanmasha;

  • Chaturmasha;

  • Agrayana : related to Agriculture;

  • Kamayesti: Age, wealth, son, health;

  • Agnistoma : Basically, it is a kind of Soma Yagya; according to Gautama, Soma Yagya were of seven types:

  • Agnistoma,

  • Atyarinstoma,

  • Ukashya,

  • Shodasina,

  • Vajpeya

  • Attiratra,

  • Apttoyarma

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