Right to Education (RTE) : Right to Education Act 2009 and 2012

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  • Article 21-A - Right for compulsory elementary education to children of age group 6 to 14.
  • Article 21 -A was added by the 86th Constitutional Amendment Act of 2002.
  • Article-45 - Early childhood care and education to children below the age of 6 years.
  • Article 51 A - Provide Opportunities for Education

Right to Education Act 2009

  • The Act implemented the constitutional provision of Article 21. A
  • The Act was enforced on 1st April 2010.

Salient Features of the Act

  • It provides free elementary education in neighborhood school
  • It clarifies compulsory education means obligation on Government for free elementary education.
  • Admission of children in age appropriate class
  • Specifies duties and responsibilities of Government, Parents and Educational Institutions
  • Specifies sharing of finances between Central and state Government
  • Lays down norms for Pupil Teacher Ratio (PTR) thus , ensuring no imbalance in teacher posting in Urban and Rural Area
  • It prohibits Physical punishment, Capitation fees, Private Tuitions and Schools without recognition
  • Development of Curriculum in line with the Values enshrined in the Constitution for all round development
  • Establishment of National and State advisory Council
  • Provides the establishment of School Management Committee for monitoring, preparing and recommending school development plan

Right to Education Act 2012

  • It amended Right to Education Act 2009
  • It included Children with disabilities under RTE Act
  • Home Based Education for Children with Severe Disabilities
  • Minority Educational Institutions shall function in advisory capacity
  • RTE Act provisions does not apply to religious educational institutions

Achievements of RTE Act

  • Increased number of Enrolment
  • Improved School Infrastructure
  • Inclusive Education
  • No Detention Policy
  • Integrated scheme for school education Samagra Siksha Abhiyan

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