Psychology Study Material: Diseases Resulting from Abnormal Secretion of Endocrine Glands

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Diseases Resulting from Abnormal Secretion of Endocrine Glands

  • Too much or too less secretions of endocrine glands can be harmful for the body.
  • These secretions can be treated by controlling the over production, providing the essentials for production, or replacing hormones.

Some of such abnormalities are:

Diabetes

Develops when pancreas fails to produce enough insulin.

Type 1 Diabetes

Symptoms include excessive:

  • Thirst
  • Hunger
  • Urination, and
  • weight loss

In children and teens, the condition is usually an ′ autoimmune disorder ″ specific immune system cells and antibodies produced by the child ′ s immune system that attack and destroy the cells of the pancreas that produces insulin.

Can cause long-term complications such as:

  • Kidney problems
  • Nerve damage
  • Blindness
  • And early coronary heart disease and stroke

Treatment

In order to control blood sugar levels and reduce the risk of developing diabetes complications, children with this condition need regular injections of insulin.

Type 2 diabetes

In this, the body is unable to respond to insulin normally, like in type 1 diabetes

  • Children and teens with this condition are overweight.
  • It is also believed that excess body fat plays a role in the insulin resistance that characterizes the disease.
  • In recent years, the rising prevalence of this type of diabetes in children played a crucial role in increasing rates of obesity among children and teens. The symptoms and possible complications of type 2 are the same as those of type 1.

Some children and teens can control their blood sugar level with:

  • Dietary changes
  • Exercise
  • Oral medications
  • But many have need to take insulin injections like patients with type 1 diabetes.

Personality

Definition of Personality

Personality can be defined and understood in a number of ways:

  • Personality is the sum total of characteristics on the basis of which people can be differentiated from each other.
  • Personality is the stability in a person՚s behaviour across different situations.
  • It can also be seen as the characteristic ways in which people behave.
  • Personality consists of characteristics that are relatively enduring, and that make us behave in a consistent and predictable way.

Theories of Personality

  • Also known as approaches to personality
  • These are the approaches to understanding the “WHAT” , “HOW” , and “WHEN” of characteristics and features that make up an individual՚s personality.

Psychodynamic Approach

Approach that focuses upon the unconscious determinants of personality i.e.. , psychologists belonging to this approach believe that unconscious forces determine our personality.

Psychodynamic Approach

Unconscious

The part of personality, which we are not aware of.

Unconscious contains instinctual drives:

  • Infantile wishes,
  • Desires,
  • Demands, and
  • Needs

These instinctual drives are hidden in the unconscious, and do not surface at the conscious level. At the same time the person seeks satisfaction and fulfilment of these drives, as they can be a source of pleasure and satisfaction.

Why Are These Drives Hidden Then?

  • Because they can cause conflict and pain if they became an obvious or overt part of our lives. Therefore, they are pushed into the depths of our unconscious.
  • Sigmund Freud, the most influential figure in the history of psychology, founded psychodynamic Approach. According to this approach the basis of motivation and behaviour lies in inner forces: forces that are predetermined … forces over which humans have little control. Which the person is not aware of i.e.. , these are the unconscious determinants of behaviour.

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