Latent and Manifest Functions: Robert Merton and Manifest Functions

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  • Concept of functionalism
  • Function brings order, unity and cohesiveness
  • Social institutions intensify participation of members in society
  • Society is established
Latent and Manifest Functions
Latent and Manifest Functions

Manifest Functions

  • Expected
  • recognized
  • People expect the institutions to fulfill
  • Intended
  • Aware of consequences

Latent Functions

  • Unexpected
  • Unintended
  • Unaware
  • Unforeseen consequences

Rain Dance Ceremony of Hopi Indians

Latent Functions

  • Revitalizing solidarity
  • Ritual participation

Manifest Functions

  • To bring down the rain
  • Keep their harvest safe

Applying the Theory in School Education

Latent Functions

  • Responsible citizen
  • Socializing
  • Confidence
  • Aware, rights.

Manifest Functions

  • Education and learning
  • Degree
  • Job
Education and Learning

Dysfunction

Those observed consequences, which lessen the adaptation or adjustment of the system.

Expectations:

Democracy, participation and egalitarianism. But institution of caste has dysfunctions like and reduce the degree of democracy and its true meaning

Criticism

  • Difficult to find Latent function every time
  • Not objective
  • Can justify wrongs like orthodoxy, superstition
  • Justifies status quo

MCQs

Q. 1. Assertion: Religion acts like a last resort and eases one՚s anxiety.

Reason: One of the latent functions of religion is to provide solace.

A. Both the (A) and the (R) are correct and the (R) is the correct explanation of the (A) .

B. The (A) and the (R) are correct but the (R) is not the correct explanation of the (A) .

C. (A) is true but the (R) is false.

D. The statement of the (A) is false but the (R) is true.

E. Both the statements are false.

Ans. A

Q. 2. Assertion: Cricket has damaged other games like football or hockey, which are relatively neglected by the media.

Reason: It is a manifest function of media.

A. Both the (A) and the (R) are correct and the (R) is the correct explanation of the (A) .

B. The (A) and the (R) are correct but the (R) is not the correct explanation of the (A) .

C. (A) is true but the (R) is false.

D. The statement of the (A) is false but the (R) is true.

E. Both the statements are false.

Ans. B

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