Uttar Pradesh PSC Exam: Psychology MCQs (Practice_Test 50 of 68)

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  1. According to event processing hypothesis of time perception, which one of the following statements is correct?
    1. The basis of time perception is biological
    2. Filled time a perceived shorter than unfilled time
    3. Short time intervals are overestimated as compared to long time intervals
    4. Perception of time depends upon the stimulus changes that have been experienced in that time interval
  2. A person memorizes the telephone number of ‘6’ after organzing it as ‘triple two, seven double six’ . Which of the following mnemonic devices is used by the person to memorize the number?
    1. Link system
    2. Loci system
    3. Acronym
    4. Chunking
  3. An individual memorizes a list of objects after associating each object with a number, say one to twenty. Whenever, he is required to recall a particular item, say fifteenth item, he just remembers the item associated with the object previously paired with the number fifteen. Which of the following mnemonic devices is used by the individual in memorizing the object?
    1. Pegword
    2. Acronym
    3. Link
    4. Imagery
  4. According to Goldstein and Scherer, braininjured patient is unable to set the hands of a clock to a certain hour because he cannot
    1. Assume a mental set
    2. Use language in a fluent number
    3. Have effective motor coordination
    4. Learn to do so
  5. Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched? Phenomenon Cause
      • Tendency to think of an object only in terms of its typical use
      • Functional fixedness
      • Ability to generate unusual responses to problems
      • Divergent thinking
      • Awareness of the relationship among various elements
      • Convergent thinking
      • Cognitive short-curs that can lead the way to solution suddenly
      • Heuristics
  6. Which one of the following statements is not correct?
    1. Language comprehension follows language production for a child
    2. Language comprehension preceded language production for a child
    3. Language comprehension starts around 1 year for a child
    4. Child builds up a small vocabulary by the age of 2 years
  7. Noam Chomsky introduced the hypothetical mechanism for a language acquisition based on:
    1. Cognitive principles
    2. Generative grammar
    3. Language programming
    4. Grammatical rules
  8. What is solving a problem by trying to reduce the difference between the current state and the goal state known as?
    1. Syllogistic analysis
    2. Means-end analysis
    3. Insightful learning
    4. Creative thinking
  9. Creative thinking refers to which one of the following?
    1. Thinking which is characterized by bringing together or synthesizing of information
    2. A cognition strategy consisting largely of continual checking and testing possible solution to one՚s work
    3. Thinking that is characterized by a process of moving away in various directions, a diverging of ideas to encompass a variety of relevant aspects
    4. An experiencing of thoughts as though they were not one՚s own but matters were inserted into one՚s mind
  10. Certain types of intelligence decline with age while others do not. Which one of the following is the type that improves or holds its own through adulthood?
    1. Fluid intelligence
    2. General intelligence
    3. Crystallized intelligence
    4. Group factors
  11. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the code given below the list:
    List-I (Type of intelligence)List-II (Psychologist)
    1. Emotional intelligence
    2. Fluid intelligence
    3. Intrapersonal intelligence
    4. Componential intelligence
    1. Raymond Cattell
    2. Robert Sternberg
    3. Daniel Goleman
    4. Howard Gardner
    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 4
      • 1
      • 3
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 4
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
  12. Acute psychological stress leads to which one of the following?
    1. Physiological reaction
    2. Adjustment mechanism
    3. Psychotic reaction
    4. Withdrawal
  13. According to Seligman, which of the following characteristics and dimensions of learned pessimism?
    1. Personalization
    2. Prediction
    3. Permanence
    4. Pervasiveness

    Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

    1. 1,3 and 4 only
    2. 1 and 2 only
    3. 2,3 and 4 only
    4. 1,2, 3 and 4 only
  14. Which of the following coping behaviours are adopted by an optimist?
    1. Problem focused coping
    2. Suppressing competition
    3. Seeking social support
    4. Concentration on the expression of feeling

    Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

    1. 1,3 and 4 only
    2. 1,2, and 3 only
    3. 1
  15. Which of the following factors influence a person՚s vulnerability to stress?
    1. Temperament
    2. Available social support
    3. Self-concept
    4. Coping skills

    Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

    1. 2 and 4 only
    2. 1,3 and 4 only
    3. 1,2 and 3 only
    4. 1,2, 3 and 4

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