Cave Architecture: Bhimbetk, Kanheri, Jogeshwari, Mandapeshwar and Others for Uttar Pradesh PSC

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Suitability of Cave Architecture

  • Primarily developed in western ghats

  • Rock architecture was suited to India, for the country had plenty of Rocky Mountains.

  • Structures excavated in stone most durable

Bhimbetka Caves

Image of Bhimbetka Caves

Image of Bhimbetka Caves

  • Near Bhopal, M.P.

  • Buddhist site

  • More than shetlers

  • groups

  • Bhimbetka group

  • Lakha juar group

  • Rock paintings dated back to stone age era years

Kanheri Caves

Image of Kanheri Caves

Image of Kanheri Caves

  • Near Mumbai

  • Time period nd century to th century.

  • More than caves.

  • Belong to first phase-Hinayana Buddhism.

Jogeshwari Caves

Image of Jogeshwari caves

Image of Jogeshwari Caves

  • Within the island of salsette

  • Time period second half of the8th century.

  • Belongs to the 1st stage of Mahayana Buddhist architecture.

  • Brahmanical influence is evident.

  • Shrines are isolated and stand in the centre of cruciform hall with more than one entrance.

Mandapeshwar Caves

Image of Mandepshwar caves

Image of Mandepshwar Caves

  • Also known as Montepezir.

  • Contemporary with Jogeshwari caves

  • Only brahmanical caves to be converted in Christian shrine.

  • Ruins of Old Portuguese church is found.

  • Franciscan monastery nearby.

  • Caves have sculptures of Nataraja, Sadashiva and a splendid sculpture of Ardhanarishvara.

  • It contained the largest Mandapa and a prominent Garbhagriha

Karle, Bhaja and Bedsa Caves

Image of Karle Caves

Image of Karle Caves

  • Karle caves Hinayana period main feature chaitya, its entrance, and arrangement of the sun window.

  • Bhaja caves: 18 caves built for Buddhist nuns. around 2 B.C. Last cave fine sculptures prince dancing on the elephant, dancing couple.

  • Bedsa caves: belong to later period than bhaja caves smaller chaitya than Karle but quite similar to it.

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