Uttar Pradesh PSC Power Situation In India is important topic for CBSE UGC NET JRF Paper 1

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Power Situation in India

The installed power generation capacity in the country has increased from 1,400 MW in 1947 to 1,12,058.42 MW as on 31 March 2004 comprising 77,968.53 MW thermal, 29,500.23 MW hydro. 1,869.66 MW wind and 2,720 MW nuclear. A capacity addition program of 5,245.52 MW has been fixed for the year 2004~ 05. Considering the fact that a large chunk of proportion of the installed capacity will come from the public sector, the outlay for the power sector has been raised from Rs. 45,591 crore during the Ninth Plan to Rs. 1.43,399 crore in the Tenth Plan. This would include a gross budgetary support of Rs. 25,000 crore and the remaining Rs. 1,18,399 crore would be internal and extra budgetary resources. Power generation during 2003-04 was 558.134 BUs comprising 466.618 BUs thermal, 73.796 BUs hydro and 17.720 BUs nuclear. The target of power generation for 2004-05 has been fed at 566.590 BUs. The plant load factor has shown a steady improvement over the years and has improved from 52.8 per cent in 1990-91 to 72.7 per cent in 2003-04. Most of power in Mwa is generated through hydel or thermal conversion. Since the northern and eastern India have perennial rivers, hydel -power generation is more in the area while thermal power plants are more in western and southern India where rivers dry up during summer season. Hydel power projects are sometimes part of multi-purpose projects which also curse flood control, water storage, fishery and irrigation. Damodar valley corporation was set up to look after first such project on Damodar river. Bhakra Beas Management board has an installed capacity of 2730 MW and caters to the requirements of Northern states. Nevyeli Lignite Corporation uses lignite for power generation in Tamil Nadu. Atomic Energy plants have been set up in Tarapur, Kalpakkam, Kota and Narora to produce energy from nuclear fission. They contribute about 1400 MW of energy. National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) has been set up to construct and manage the thermal plants of central government. National Hydel Power Corporation (NHPC) for hydel projects and Nuclear Power Corporation (NPC) for nuclear plants. North Eastern Electric Power Corporation (NEEPC) implements the power projects in North Eastern region. Power Grid

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