UPPSC Anthropology Syllabus
- Meaning and scope anthropology
- Relationship with other discipline: History, Economics, Sociology, Psychology, Political Science, Life Science, Medical Science.
- Main branches of Anthropology, Thescope and relevance
- Social-cultural anthropology
- Physical and biological Anthropology.
- Archaelogical Anthropology.
- Human Evolution and emergence of Man. Organic Evolution-The oriesof evoluton in historical perspective, Per-Darwinian, Darwinian and Post-Darwinian Period. Modern Synthetic Theory of evolution brief outline of terms and concepts of evolutionary biology (Doll's rule, Cope's rule, Gause's rule, Parallelism, covergence, adaptive radiation, mosaic evolution); Principal of systematic andtaxonomy major primate taxa, tertiary and quaternary fossil primates, Systematics of Hominoidea andHominidae, Origin and evolutions of Man- “Homo erectus and Homo sapiens”
- Phylogentic status, Characteristies and distribution of the following
- Preplestocence fossil primates-Oreopithecus.
- Southand East African Hominids-Pleasianthropus/Australopithecus Africaus, Paranthropus, Australopithecus.
- Paranthropus-homo erectus-Homo erectusjavanicus, Homo erectus Pekinesis.
- Homo Heidelbergensis.
- Neanderthal Man-La-Chapelle-aue-Saints (Classical type) Mr. Carmelites types (Progressive type).
- Rhodesian man.
- Homo sapiens Cromognon, Grimaldi, Chancelede. Recent advances in understandingthe evolution, distribution and multidisciplinary approach to understand a fossil type in relation of others.
- Evolutionary trend and classification of the order primates, Relationship with other mammals, molecularevolution of Primates, Comparative anatomy of man and apes, Primate locomotion terrestrial and arboreal adaptation, skeletal Changes due to errect posture and its implications.
- Cultural Evolution-broad outlinesof prehistoric culture
- Copper-Bronze age
- Iron age.
- Family-Definition and typology family household and domestic groups. Basic structure and functions: Stability and changes in family. Typological and processual approaches to the study of family. Inpact ofurbanizaton, Industrializaton, education and feminist movements. Universality of family-critique.
- Conceptof kinship: Definition of kin, incest prohibition and exogamy and endogamy Principles of descent-typesand functions. Political and jural aspect of kinship. Unilineal, bilateral and double descent. Descent, filiation and complementary filiation. Kinship terminology typology and approaches to the study toterminology Alliance and descent.
- Marriage-Definition, types and variation of marriage systems. Debateson the Universal definition of Marriage. Regulation of Marriage preferential, prescriptive, Prescriptive andopen system. Types and form of marriage Dowry, brode-price, pestation and marriage stability.
- Study of culture, patterns and processes, concept of culture, patterns of culture, relationshipsrelationship between culture and civilization and society.
- Concept of Social Change and cultural change
- Social structure and social organization, Role-analysis and social network, institutions, groupscommunity, Social Stratification: Principles and form, status, class and power, gender, nature and typesof mobility.
- Concept of society
- Approaches to the study of culture and society-classical evolutionism-neo-evolutionism culture ecology, historical particularism and diffusionism, structural-functionalism, culture and personality, transactionalism, symobolism cognative approach and newethnography, post structuralism and post-modernism.
- Definitions and functions of religion, Anthropological approaches to the study of religion-evolutionary, psychological and functional, Magic, witchcraft and sorcery, definitions and function and functionaries: Priest, saman, medicine men and sorcerers. Symbolism in religion and rituals. Ethnomedicine. Myths andrituals: Definitions and approaches to their study-structural, functional and processual relation with economic and political structures.
- Meaning, scope and relevance, principles governing producton, distribution and consumption incommunities subsisting on hunting-gathering, fishing, pastoralism, horticulture and other economic pursuits. Formalist and subtantivlst date-Daltan, Kart-polyanny and marx approach and. News Economic Anthropology, Exchange. Gifts, barter, trade, ceremonial exchange and market economy 5.2 Theoretical foundations. Types of political organisatonband, tribe, chiefdom, State, concept of power, authority and legitimacy, Social Control, Law and Justice in tribal and peasant Societies.
- Concepts of development Anthropological perspective. Models of development. Critiques of classicaldevelopmental theories. Concepts of planning and planned development. Concept of participatorydevelopment. Culture ecology and sustainable development. Displacement and rehabilitation.
- Concepts of research in anthropology, subjectivety and reflexivity in terms of gender class ideologyand ethics. Distinction between methodology, methods and techniques. Nature and explanation inanthropological research, positivistic and non-positivistic approaches. Comparative methods: Nature purposeand methods of comparison in social and cultural anthropology. Basic techniques of data collection. Interview, participant and other forms of observaton, schedules, questionnaire, case-study methods, extended case study methods, life histories and secondary sources. Oral history, generalogical method, participatory, learning and assessment (PLA). Participatory rapid assessment (PRA). Analysis, interpreatation and presentation of data.
- Concept, Scope and major branches of human genetics. Its relationship with other branches of science and medicine.
- Method for study of genetic principles in man-family study (pedegree analysis twin study foster child, co-twin methods, cytogentic method, chromosomal and karyotype analysis), biochemical method, immunological methods, D. N. A. Technology
- recombinant technologies.
- Twin study method-zygosity, herritability estimates, present status of the twin study method and its applications.
- Mendelian geneticsin man-family study, single factor, multifactor, lethal, sub-lethal, and polygenicinheritance in man.
- Concept of genetic polymorphism and selection, Mendilian populaton, Hardy-Weinberglaw. Causes and changes with bring down frequency-mutation, isolation, migration selection, inbreedingand genetic drift. Consanguineous and non-consanguineous mating. Genetic load, genetic effect ofconsanguineous and couslne marriages (statistical and probability methods for study of human genetics).
- Chromosomes and chromosomal aberrations in man methodology Numerical and structural aberrations (dis-orders) Sex chromosomal aberrations-Kinefelter (XXY), Turner (XO) super female (XXX) Intersex and other syndomic disorders. Autosomal aberrations-Down Syndrome, patau Edwardand cri-du-chat syndromes. Genetic imprints in human disease, genetic screening, genetic counselling, human DNA profiling gene mapping and genome study.
- Concept of race in histrological and biological perspective. Race and recism, biological base of morphological variation of non-metric race in histrologicaland biological perspective. Race and racism, biological basis of morphological variation of non-metric andmetric characters. Racial criteria, racial traits in relation to heredity and environment: Biological basis ofrecial classification, recial differenctial and reac-corossing in man
- Ethinic group of mankind-charcteristes and distribution in world, recial classification of human groups. Principal living peoples of world. Their distribution and characteristics.
- Age, Sex and population veriation in genitc marker-ABO, RH blood groups, HLA, HP transferrin, Gm, blood enzymes-physiological characteristics-Hb level, bodyfat, pulse rate, respiratory functions and sensory perceptions in different cultural and socio-economicgroup. Impact or smoking air pollutions, alcoholism, drug and occupational hazards on health.
- Conceptsand Methods of Ecological Anthoropology Adaptation social and cultural Deteministics theories a critique. Resources-biological, non biofogical and sustainable development. Biological adaptation-climatic, environmental, nutritional and genetic.
- Relevance in understading of contemporary society-Dynamics of ethincitiy at rural, tribal, urban andinternational levels. Ethric confilicts and political developments. Concepts of ethnic boundaries. Ethnicityand concept of nation state.
- Concept of human growth of development-stages of growth-prenatal, natal, intant, childhoodadolescence, maturity, senescence, Factors affecting growth and development genetic, environmental, biochemical nutiritiona, cultural and socio-economic ageing and sensescence. Theories and observations-biological and chronological longevity. Human physique and somatotypes. Methodologies for growth studies.
- Reproductivity biology, demography and population study, Reproductive physiology of male and female, Biological aspects of human fertilitiy, Relevance of menarche, meno-pause and other bioevents to fertility. Fertily patterns and differentials.
- Demographic theories biological, social and cultural.
- Demographicmethods-census, registration system, sample methods, duel reporting system.
- Populations structuresand population dynamics.
- Domographic rates and ratios, life table-structure and utility
- Biologicaland socio-ecological factors influence fecundity, fertility natality and morality.
- Methods of studyingpopulation growth.
- Biological consequences of population control and family welfare.
- Anthropology of sports
- Nutritional Anthropology.
- Anthropology in designing of defence andother equipments.
- Forensic anthropology.
- Methods and principles of personal identification andreconstruction.
- Applied human genetics, paternity diagnosis genetic counselling and eugenics.
- DNA techonlgy-prevention and cure of diseses.
- Antropo-genetics in medicine.
- Seronetics andcytogenetics in reproductive biology
- Application of Satistical principles in human genetics and Physical Anthropology.
Evolution of the India Culture and Civilization-Prohistoric (Paleolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic,) Protohistoric (IndusCivilization). Vedic and post-vedic beginnings. Contributions of the tribal cultures.
Demographic profiles of India-Ethinic and lingustic elements in the Indian population and their distribution. Indian population, factors influencing its structure and growth.
The basic structure and nature of traditionalIndia social System-a critique. Vamasharam, Purushartha, Karama, Rina and Rebirth. Theories on theorgin of caste system, Jajmani system. Structrual basis inequality in traditional Indian Society. Impact ofBuddhism, Jainism, Islam and Christianity of Indian Society.
Emergence, growth and development ofantroprology in India-contributions of the 19 th Century and early 20 th Century scholar-ad-ministratorsContributions of Indian anthropologists to tribal and caste studies. Contemporary nature of anthropological studies in India.
Approaches to the study of India society and culture-traditional and contemporary.
Aspect of Indian village-Social organization of agriculture, impact of market economy of Indian villages.
Linguistic and religiousminorities-Social, political and economic status.
Tribal situation of India-biogenetic variability, lingustic and socio-economic characterstiecs of the tribalpopulations and their distribution. Problems of the tribal communities and alienation, proverty indebtedness, low litracy, poor educational facilities, unemployment, under employment, health and and nutrition. Developmental projects-tribal displacement and problems of rehabilitation. Development of forest policyand tribals. Impact of urbanization and industrialization on tribal and rural populations.
Problems ofexploitation and deprivation of Scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribles and other Backward Classes. Constitutional safeguards for Scheduled Tribes and Scheduled Castes. Social change and contemporarytribal societies: Impact of modern democratic institutions, development progarmmes and welfare measureson tribals and weaker sections. Emergence of ethnicity, tribal movements and quest for identity. Pseudo-tribalism.
Social change among the tribes during colonial and post-independent India.
impact ofHinduism, Christianity, Islam and other religious on tribal societies.
Tribe and nation state-a comparativestudy of tribal communities in India and other countries.
History of administration of tribal areas; tribalpolicies, plans programmes of tribal development and their implemention. Role of N. G. Os.
Role ofanthropology in tribal and rural development.
Contributions of anthropology to the understanding or regionalism copmmunalism and ethnic and political movements.