UPPSC Botany Syllabus
- Microbiology, Pathology, Plant, Diversity, Morphogenesis Microbiology: Microbial diversity elementaryidea of microbiology of air, water and soil, a general-account of microbial infection and immunity, applicationof microbiology with reference to agriculture, industry medicine and environment.
- Plant Pathology: Impor-tant plant diseases caused by viruses, bacteria, algae, fungi and nematodes with special relerence to rootblot of crucifers, tobacco, mosaic leaf curl of papaya, cirtrus. Canker, leaf blight of paddy, rust of tea, rustof wheat, smut of barley, late blight of potato red rot of sugarcane and wilt of arhar.
- Plant Diversity: Classification, structure, reproduction, life cycles and economic importance of viruses, bacteria, algae, fungi, bryophytes, pteridophytes and gymnosperms including fossils, morphology of root, stem, leaf flowerand seed secondary growth; embryology, microsporogenesis and male gametophyte, megasporogenesis andfemale gametophyte, fertilization, embryo and endosperm, development principles of taxonomy, modern sys-tems of classification of angiosperms, rules of botanical nomenclature, biosystematics distinguishing fea-tures of families-Renunculaccac, Magnoliaceae, Brassicaceae. Malvaceae, Fabaceae, Rosaceae, Apisceae, Cucubiaceae, Solanaceae, Asclepiadaceae, Verbenaceae, Lamiaceae, Asteraceae, Apocyanaceae, Euphorbiceae, Arecaceae, Posceae and Orchidaceae.
- Morphogenesis: Correlation, Polarity, Symmetry, totipotency, differentation and regeneration of tissues and organs; morphogenetic factors, methods andapplications of cell tissue, organ and protoplast cultures, somaclonal variations, somatic hybrid and cybrids.
Cell Biology, Genetices, Physiology and Biochemistry
- Ecology and Economic Botany Cell Biology: Cell as structural and functional unit of life, Ultra structure ofeucaryotic and procaryotic cells, structure and functions of plasma membrane, endoplasmic reticulum chlo-roplasts, mitochondria, ribosomes, golgibodies, and nucleous: Cell cycle, mytosis and meosys, Chromo-somal morphology and chemistry, numerical and structural changes in chromosomes and their cytologicaland genetical effects.
- Genetics: Mendal's law of inheritance, interaction of genes, linkage and crossingover genetic recombination in fungi, cyanobacteria, bacteria and viruses, gene mapping, sex linkage, deter-mination of sex, cytoplasmic inheritance of plastids; development of genetics and gene concept, geneticcode; moleculr genetics-DNA as genetic material. Structure and replication of DNA, role of nucleic acids inprotein synthesis (transcription and translation) and regulation of gene expression, mutation and evolution, DNA damage and repair, gene amplification, gene rearrangement, oncogene, genetic engineering-restrictionenzyme, cloning vectors (pBR 322, PTi lambda phage), genetransfer, recombinant DNA, genomic libraries, application of genetic engineering in human welfare
- Physiology and Biochemisty: Water relations of plantsabsorption, conduction of water and transpiration; mineral nutrition and ion transport, translocation of phyotosynthates, essential micro-and macroelements and their function chemistry and classification of car-bohydrates; photosynthesis-mechanism and importance, factors affecting photosynthesis, C3 and C4 car-bon fixation cycle, photorespiration; plant respiration and fermentation, Kreb's cycle; enzymes andcoenzymes, mechanism of enzyme action: Secondary metabolites (alkloids, steroids, terpenses, lipids), ni-trogen fixation and nitrogen metabolism, structure of protein and its synthesis: Plant growth-growth move-ments and senescence, growth hormones and growth regulators their structure, role and importance in agri-culture and horticulture; physiology of flowering, sexual incomptibility, seed germination and dormancy.
- Ecology: Scope of ecology, ecological factors, plant communities and plant succession; concept of biosphere; ecosystem-structure and functions, abiotic and biotic components, flow of energy in the ecosystem, appliedaspects of ecology natural resourcesand their conservation, endangered, threatened and endemic taxa; pollution and its control.
- Economic Botany: Origin of cultivated plants study of plants as sources of food, fibre timber, drugs, rubber, beverage, spices, resin and gums. Dyes, essential oils, pesticides and bioferilizers, ornamental plants energy plantation and petrocrops.