UPPSC Physics Syllabus

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Mechanics, Thermal Physics and Waves & Oscillations

  1. Mechanics: Conservation law, collisions, impact paramter, scattering cross-section centre of mass andlab systems with transformation of physical quantities, Rutheford Scattering. Motion of a rocket under con-stant force field. Rotating frames of reference, Coriolls force. Motion of rigid bodies. Dynamics of rotatingbodies. Moment of inertia, Theorem of parallel and perpendicular axis. Moment of inertia of sphere, ringcylinder, disc, Angular momentum. Tonque and precession of a top. Gyroscope. Central forces. Motion un-der inverse square law. Keplers Laws, Motion of Safellites (including geostationary). Galilean Relativity. Special Theory of Relativity. Michesion-Morley Experiment, Lorentz Transformations-addition theorem of ve-locities. Variation of mass with velocity. Mass-Energy equivalence. Fluid dynamics. Streamlines, Reynoldnumber Viscosity, Poiseulles formula for the flow of liquid throught narrow tubes, turbulence, Bermoullisequation with simple applications.

  2. Thermal Physics: Laws of thermodynamics, Entropy, Camots cycle, Isothermal and Adiabatic changes, thermodynamic Potentials, Helmboltz and Gibbs functions. Maxwells relations. The clausius-clapeyron equation, reversible cell, Joul-Kelvin effect, Stefan Boltzmann Law, Kinetic Theory of Gasses, Maxwells DistributionLaw of velocities, Equipartition of energy, specific heats of gases, mean free patin, Borwnian Motion, BlackBody radiation specific heat of solids, Einstein and Debye theories. Weins Law, Plancks Law, solar constant. Shahs theory of therma ionization and Steliar spectre Production of low temperatures using adiabeticdermagnatization and dilution refrigeration. Concept of negative temparature.

  3. Waves of Oscillations: Oscillations, simple harmonic motion, Examples of simple harmonic motion mass, spring and LC circuits. Statinary and travelling waves, Damped hormonic motion, forced oscillation and Resonance, Sharpness ofresonance, Wave equation, Harmonic solutions, Plane and Spherical waves, Superposition of waves. Twoprependicular simple harmonic motions. Lissajous figures, Fourier analysis of periodic waves-square andtriangular waves. Phase and Group velocities, Beats, Huygens principle, Division of amplitude and wavefront, Fresnel Biprism, Newtons rings, Michelson interferometer, Fabry-Petrot inter ferometer. Diffraction-Fresnel and Frauhoes. Diffraction as a Fourier Transformation. Fresnel and Fraunholer diffraction byreactungular and circular apertures. Diffraction by straight edge, Single and multiple slits. Resolving powerof granting and optical instruments. Rayleigh criterion. Polarization, production and Detection of polarisedlight (Linear, circular and elliptical) Brewsters law, Huyghens theory of double refraction, optical rotation, polarimeters. Laser sources (Helium-Neon, Ruby and semi conductor diode). Concept of spatial and tempo-ral coherence Holography, theory and application.


Electricity and Magnetism, Modern Physics and Electronics

  1. Electricity and Magnetism: Coulombs law, Electric Field Gausss Law, Electric Potential, Possion andLaplace equations for homogenous dielectric, uncharged conducting sphere in a uniform field, point chargeand infinite conducting plane. Current electricity, Kirchoffs laws and its applications; Wheatstone bridge, Kelvins double bridge, Carey fosters bridge. Bio-Savart law and applications. Amperss circuital law and itsapplications, Magnetic induction and field strength, Magnetic shell Magnetic field on the axis of circular coil Helmboltz coil, Electromagnetic Industion, Faradays and Lenzs law, self and mutual inductances. Alternating currents L. C R circuits, series and parallel resonance circuits, quality factor. Maxwells equations andelectromagnetic waves. Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves, Poynting vector Magnetic fields inMatter. Dia, para, Ferro, Antiferro and Ferrimagnetism (Qualitative approach only). Hsteresis.

  2. Modern Physics: Bohrs theory of hydrogen atom Electron spin, Optical and X-ray Spectral Stem-Geriachexperiment and spatial quantkation, Vector model of the atom spectral terms, fine structure of spectralfines. J-J and L-S coupling Zeeman effect, Paulis exclusion principle, spectral terms of two equivalent andnon-equivalent electrons. Gross and fine structure of electronic band spectra. Raman effect, Photoelectriceffect, Compton effect De-Broglie waves. Wave Particle duality, uncertainty principle, postulates of quantummachanics. Schrodinger wave equation with application

    1. particle in a box

    2. motion across a step poten-tial, One dimensional harmonic osciffator eigen values and eigen functions. Radioactivity, Alpha, Beta andgamma radiations. Elementary theory of the alpha deca. Nuclear binding energy. Mass spectroscopy, semiempirical mass formula. Nuclear fission and fusion. Elementary Reactor Physice, Elementary particles andtheir classification, strong and weak Electromagnetic interactions. Particle accelerators, cyclotrol. Linearaccelerators. Elementary ideas of superconductivity.

  3. Electronics: Band theory of solids, conductorsinsulators and semiconductors. Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors, PN junction, Thermistor Zener di-odes. Reverse and forward based P N Junction, solar cell. Use of diodes and transistors for rectification, amplification oscillation, modulation and detection r. f. Waves. Transistor, receiver. Television, Logic Gates and their truth table, some applications.

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