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## WHAT is ARGUMENT?

• Premise: Statement used as evidence for conclusion.

• Conclusion: Statement supported by atleast one premise.

• Argument: Atleast one premise accompanied with a conclusion.

## Propositional Utterances

• Either true or false statement

• Door is Black

• Cherry is a cute baby.

• Sheenu is Cherry’s Mother.

## Non-Propositional Utterances

• Question – Who am I?

• Command – Do it!

• Expression – Three Cheers!

## Identifying Premise & Conclusion

• Premise Indicator

(Conclusion) and (Premise)

• Sunita is not going to school since she is not well.

## Premise Indicators

• Since

• For

• Because

• Given that

• For the reason that

• In view of the fact that

## Identifying Premise & Conclusion

• Conclusion Indicator

(Premise) (Conclusion)

• Sunita studied a lot, therefore she secured good marks

• Sunita is not well so she is not going to the school.

## Conclusion Indicators

• Therefore

• Thus

• Hence

• So

• Accordingly

• For this reason

• Consequently

• It follows that

## JOINT INFERENCE

1+2 |→ 3

1: Cup is made of china clay.

2: China clay is breakable.

3: Cup is made of breakable substance china clay.

## INDEPENDENT INFERENCE

1 |→ 3 and 2 |→ 3

1: Pure gold is 24 carat.

2: Most jewelry is made of 22 carat pure gold.

3: Carat explains purity of gold.

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