National Programme of Mid-Day Meal in Schools: Most Important Topic For 2019 Uttarakhand PSC

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  • In 2001, the Supreme Court passed an order stating “A basic entitlement of every child in every Government & Government assisted Primary Schools with a prepared Mid-day Meal with a minimum content of 300 calories and 8–12 grams of protein each day of school for a minimum of 200 days”

  • The Mid-day Meal Scheme is a school meal programme of the Government of India designed to improve the nutritional status of school-age children nationwide.

  • The roots of the programme can be traced back to the Pre-Independence era, when a Mid-day Meal Programme was introduced in 1925 in Madras Corporation by the British administration. The Government of India initiated the National Programme of Nutritional Support to Primary Education (NP-NSPE) on 15th August 1995.

  • The “annamrita program” is carried out in Government aided & non-aided Schools. The Education Inspectors of The Education Department of the Government of Maharashtra allocate the schools. The same is approved by The Parent Teacher Association & the Management of these schools.

  • The facility is available only for schools that have secular policy for admissions. For primary section each meal provides 12 grams of protein and 450 cal energy & for secondary section each meal provides 20 grams of protein and 700 cal energy. The government provides the raw rice and a minimum cooking charge of Rs 3.50 per child, the remainder of the expenses are borne by ourselves.

MDM state level

MDM State Level

MDM state level


To enhance the enrollment, retention & attendance & simultaneously improve nutritional levels among school going children studying in Classes I to VIII of Government, Government - aided schools, Special Training centres (STC) & Madarasas and Maktabs supported under the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan.

Meal Provision

  • The scheme guidelines envisage to provide cooked mid-day meal with 450 calories & 12 g of protein to every child at primary level & 700 calories & 20 g of protein at upper primary level. This energy & protein requirement for a primary child comes from cooking 100 g of rice/flour, 20 g pulses & 50 g vegetables & 5 g oil, & for an upper primary child it comes from 150 g of rice/flour, 30 g of pulses & 75 g of vegetables & 7.5 g of oil.

  • The present provisions are as given below:-

    • Free supply of food grains @ 100 grams per child per school day at Primary & @ 150 grams per child per school day at Upper Primary.

    • Subsidy for transportation of food grains is provided to 11 special category states at PDS rate prevalent in these states & up to a maximum of Rs.75.00 per quintal for other than special categories States/UTs

    • In addition to food grains, a mid-day meal involves major input, viz. cost of cooking, which is explained below. Cost of cooking includes cost of ingredients, e.g. pulses, vegetables, cooking oil & condiments. In order to cover the impact of price rise in the items of consumption in the MDM basket, the cooking cost has been revised upward annually since 2010.

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