10 Theories of Migration-Fundamentals of Geography YouTube Lecture Handouts

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Theories of Migration

Image of Theories of Migration

Image of Theories of Migration

Image of Theories of Migration

Ravenstein’S Law of Migration (1843-1913)

Image of Ravenstein's Law of Migration (1843 - 1913)

Image of Ravenstein's Law of Migration (1843 - 1913)

Image of Ravenstein's Law of Migration (1843 - 1913)

Highlights of Ravenstein’S Theory

  • Migrants move mainly over short distances; those going longer distances go for industry and commerce.

  • Most migration is from agricultural to industrial areas.

  • Large towns grow more by migration than by natural increase.

  • Migration increases along with the development of industry, commerce and transport.

  • Each migration stream produces a counter-stream.

  • Females are more migratory than males, at least over shorter distances; males are a majority in international migration.

  • Major causes of migration are economic.

  • Most migration is from rural to urban areas.

  • Most migration proceed step by step

Push Pull Theory - Lee

  • Push Factors: Move Out – Poverty, Political Instability

  • Pull Factors: Move In – Economies, Job Opportunities

Focus only on Desire not Ability (POOR)

Gravity Model

  • Distance is main Obstacle

  • Modified version of Newton’s Gravitation Law

  • Large places attract more ideas, people

  • Places closer have greater attraction

Intervening Opportunities by Stouffer

Trip not related to distance as by gravity model but relative accessibility of opportunities

Image of Intervening Opportunities By Stouffer

Image of Intervening Opportunities by Stouffer

Image of Intervening Opportunities By Stouffer

Zelinsky Migration Transition Model

  • Stage one (Premodern traditional society)

  • Stage two (Early transitional society)

  • Stage three (Late transitional society)

  • Stage four (Advanced society)

  • Stage five (Future super advanced society)

Neoclassical Economic Theory

  • Main reason is wage difference between 2 locations

  • Linked to labour demand and supply

Dual Labour Market Theory

Main reason is Pull factors in developed regions

Relative Deprivation Theory

Awareness of income differences is major factor

World Systems Theory

  • Global Perspective

  • Interaction is important factor in social change

Chain Migration

Social Process