Popular Art & Pottery: Caves, Sculpture and Pottery for SSC CGL

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Caves

  • Real beginning of rock cut architecture

  • Ex.elephant rock cut at Dhauli, Odisha.

  • Mauryan caves vihar

  • Post-mauryan caves chaitya

    Image of Mauyaran period

    Image of Mauyaran Period

    Image of Mauyaran period

  • Features

  • Artistic gateway

  • Polishing inside the cave

  • sisters caves of barabar caves caves of Nagarjuni caves

  • Use of caves

  • Vihar :rest places for monks

  • Ajivikas: Jain sect, some caves were given to the monks of this sect.

Sculpture

Image of yaksh and Yakshni

Image of Yaksh and Yakshni

Image of yaksh and Yakshni

  • Yaksh and yakshini sculptures

  • Objects of worship in folk religion

  • Places yaksh parkham in UP,pawaya in MP,

  • Yakshini Didarganj in Bihar

  • The sculptor in India took delight in fashioning his beautiful creations in poetic or visual metaphors in preference to direct observation.

  • The surface of figure bears the typical lustrous polish of the period.

  • Striking example of Mauryan art in the 3rd century B.C. is the handsome torso of a male figure from Lohanipur.

  • The modelling of the figure executed in a realistic manner is invested with a wonderful vitality.

  • It probably represents a Jain Tirthankara or a Saviour of the Digambara sect.

  • Yaksha and yakshini figures are related to all three religions

    • Hinduism reference in tamil script-shilpadhikaram

    • Buddhism On the walls of stupa, there are so many sculptures of yaksha.

    • Jainism In the Jain scripts, every teerthankar is found to be associated with one Yakshi.

  • Their native style, distinguished by its simplicity and folk appeal is best represented in monolithic free standing sculptures of Yakshas and Yakshis, discovered from Gwalior and Mathura

  • On the pillars of barhut stupa the figure of Chulakoka Devta representing its indigenous character and folk quality.

  • Yaksha The two amulets strung on his necklace ward off evil spirits from his devotees.

  • The back of his right hand bears an inscription giving the name of the sculptor.

Pottery

Another Pottery Illustration

Another Pottery Illustration

Another Pottery Illustration

  • Northern black polished wear.

  • Maturity and climax in pottery making.

  • Some silver pottery is found.

  • Purpose of silver pottery luxury wear.

  • Red and black pottery.

  • Use of colours red and black.

  • background color red color

  • To draw some design black color.

  • Hence the name black and red pottery.

  • Not handmade but wheel made ware.

  • Some plain pottery, which was more common.

  • Some painted pottery.

Use of Pottery

Pottery Illustration

Pottery Illustration

Pottery Illustration

  • Household purpose

  • For decoration purpose

  • Proof some very small sized pottery.

  • Cannot be used for household or storage purpose.

  • Perforated pottery for straining liqueur.