Vesara School of Temple Architecture, Hoyasala School of Art, Pal School of Art &Rashtrakuta School of Art for SSC CGL

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Vesara School of Temple Architecture

Image of virupaksha temple

Image of Virupaksha Temple

Image of virupaksha temple

  • Also called as chalukya/Karnataka style

  • Around 7th8th centuries.

  • Fusion of nagara and dravida styles.

  • 2 components

  • vimaan and mandapa joined by antaral Dravidian concept

  • shikhara nagaran concept

  • Chalukyan temples don’t have a covered embulatory passage

  • treatment of exterior walls-blending of both styles

  • Inegrate carving on pillars,ceillings and door plains

  • Ex. virupaksha temple at Pattadakal, rameswaram cave temple at Ellora 4 armed dancing shiva.

Hoyasala School of Art

Image of Hoyasala School of Art

Image of Hoyasala School of Art

Image of Hoyasala School of Art

  • A.D.

  • Near mysore,south Karnataka

  • Unique feature-star ground plan

  • Multiple shrines-deities-equal importance and power

  • Jagati-upraised platform

  • Inticrate carving on both sides of the walls as well in the jewellary of the gods.

  • Stone choristic schist

  • Temple pillar looks like monolith

  • Temple walls zigzag form

  • Ex. chhenakeshava temple,Belur

  • Hoyasaleswara temple,helevied

Pal School of Art

Image of pal school of art

Image of Pal School of Art

Image of pal school of art

  • Under pala and sena rulers

  • Bengal and Bihar

  • th- th century around

  • Finely finished

  • Highly polished stone sculpture looks like metal found at nalanda, rajgir and Bodhgaya nalanda art is divided in three stages.

  • Mahayana phase of Buddha and bodhisattva images.

  • Sahajyana images

  • Kalchakra kapalika system

  • Both Buddhist and hinduist

  • Figures are much decorated

Rashtrakuta School of Art

  • 8th century

  • Successors of chalukya

  • Kailash temple at Ellora caves by Krishna 2

  • Trimurti at elephant caves