Competitive Exams Practice Questions for Ecology and Environment Part 7

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38. Which of the following methods of conservation is/are classified as ex-situ conservation?

1. Botanical Garden

2. Gene Sanctuary

3. Zoological Park

4. Germplasm bank

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 and 3 only

(b) 1,3 and 4 only

(c) 4 only

(d) 1,2, 3 and 4

Answer: B

39. With reference to Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment (GRIHA) consider the following statements?

1. The ratings have been developed jointly by TERI and Ministry of Environment and Forest

2. GRIHA rating is mandatory for establishment of any new industrial building

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: D

40. Consider the following sectors of India:

1. Agriculture

2. Industrial processes and product use

3. Energy

4. Waste

Arrange the above in the increasing order of their contribution to GHG emissions.

(a) 4 - 1-2 - 3

(b) 4 - 2-1 - 3

(c) 1 - 4-3 - 2

(d) 4 - 2-3 - 1

Answer: B

41. With reference to the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) , consider the following statements:

1. It addresses the issue of drought in arid and semi-arid areas.

2. It is a legally binding international agreement.

3. India is not a signatory to the convention.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1,2 and 3

Answer: A

42. Which of the following statements best describes biotic potential?

(a) It refers to the potential biomass of a population measured as dry weight per unit area.

(b) It refers to the possible functional roles species can play in an ecosystem.

(c) It refers to the maximum reproductive capacity of an organism under optimum environmental conditions.

(d) It refers to the minimum population of a species required to sustain a food web.

Answer: C

43. Which of the following is the fundamental set objective of National Environment Tribunal set up under National Environment Tribunal Act 1995?

(a) To provide an institutional mechanism for compensatory afforestation at both centre and state level

(b) To provide for strict liability for damage arising onto accidents caused from the handling of hazardous substances.

(c) To provide effective and expeditious disposal of cases relating to environmental protection and conservation of forests.

(d) To provide expeditious disposal of cases arising out of industrial activities in coastal regulation zones.

Answer: B

44. Global Environment Facility (GEF) as financial mechanism for the following conventions?

1. Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD?)

2. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)

3. Stockholm Convention on persistent Organic pollutants (POPs)

4. UN convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD)

5. Mamata Convention on Mercury Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1,2 and 3

(b) 1,3, 4 and 5 only

(c) 2,4 and 5 only

(d) 1,2, 3,4 and 5

Answer: D

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