Important MCQs for History Competitive Exams Part 57

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Q. Gandhi distinguished his technique of ‘Satyagrah’ from the extremist method of ‘passive resistance’ which of the following is/are not true about such distinction?

(I) Passive resistance is an act of expediency while ‘Satyagrah’ is a moral weapon based on the superiority of the soul- force over physical force.

(II) The former is the weapon of the week, but the latter is that of the bravest.

(III) The former is static, but the latter is dynamic.

(IV) The former is negative in approach, but the latter is positive in approach.

(V) The former aims at weaning the opponent away from error by love and patient suffering, while the latter aims at embarrassing the opponent into submission.

Select the answer from the codes below:

(a) II & III

(b) Only V

(c) II & V

(d) Only II

Answer: B

Q. The technique of Satyagraha included various methods, which of the following. Was/were not included by Gandhi in those methods?

(I) Fasting

(II) Herat or voluntary migration

(III) Scorched – earth policy

(IV) Strikes and herbals

(V) Underground activities

Choose the answer from the codes below:

(a) III & V

(b) Only III

(c) Only V

(d) IV & V

Answer: A

Q. Which of the following statements about the Jallianwallahbag Bag Massacre is/are true?

(I) The crowd had gathered in the garden at Amritsar to protest against the arrest and deportation of their popular leaders, Dr. Satyapal and Dr. Ketchup.

(II) General Dyer was Lt. Governor of the Punjab at the time.

(III) Michael O’ Dwyer was the person who ordered police –firing on the unarmed crowd.

(IV) Rabindranath Tagore renounced his scare.

(V) Gandhi returned the ‘Kaiser-i- Hind medal in protest against the massacre.

Select the answer from the codes below:

(a) I, II & IV

(b) I, IV & V

(c) I, III & IV

(d) I & IV

Answer: D

Q. Who among the following played an important role in the signing of the Gandhi Irwin pact?

(I) Motile Nehru

(II) Ten Bahadur Sapura

(III) Mahan Mohan Malaria

(IV) Kayaker

(V) Chintamani

Select the answer from the codes below:

(a) I & II

(b) II & IV

(c) II & III

(d) IV & V

Answer: B

Q. Which of the following clauses was/were not included in the Gandhi- Irwin pact?

(I) With drawing all ordinances and ending prosecutions:

(II) Release of all kinds of political prisoners,

(III) Restoration of the confiscated property of the’satyagrahis:

(IV) Permitting peaceful picketing of liquor, opium and foreign cloth shops;

(V) Permitting all the Indians to collect or manufacture salt, force of duty.

Choose the answer from the codes below:

(a) II only

(b) I & II

(c) II & IV

(d) I only

Answer: C