Competitive Exams: Geography MCQs (Practice-Test 118 of 118)

  1. Which one of the following is a key concept in humanistic geography?

    1. Development and quality of life

    2. Spatial location

    3. Spatial concentration

    4. Geographical distribution

    Answer: a

  2. Which one of the following statements is not correct?

    1. IKONOS satellite image has a 1m resolution

    2. IRS satellite image has a 5.8 m resolution

    3. INSAT satellite image has a 10m resolution

    4. SPOT satellite image has a 10m resolution

    Answer: c

    • Assertion (A): The condition of forest cover is very deplorable in states like Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan and Gujarat.
    • Reason (R): There are areas where intensification of afforestation programme is urgently needed.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    Answer: b

  3. ssertion (A): Great Britain and New Zealand are remarkably similar in terms of area, oceanic location and climate; yet Great Britain is densely populated and an important centre of political and economic power. Reason (R): New Zealand unlike Great Britain suffers from the disadvantage of its location in the vast expanse of ocean in the southern hemisphere.

    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    Answer: a

    • Assertion (A): Major industrial regions in India developed in the immediate hinterlands of the ports of Kolkata, Mumbai and Chennai.
    • Reason (R): The ports provide access to the raw materials available in the hinterlands of these ports as well as to the world market.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    Answer: a

    • Assertion (A): Agriculture in Monsoon Asia is characterised by the predominance of food crop cultivation.
    • Reason (R): Farming in Monsoon Asia is mainly meant for subsistence purpose.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    Answer: a

    • Assertion (A): The north Atlantic Ocean Route is the world's most important ocean route.
    • Reason (R): The North Atlantic Ocean Route brings together the developing and developed nations.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    Answer: b

    • Assertion (A): Cyclone is developed in a region of extremely low pressure of air with steep gradient of pressure.
    • Reason (R): It has outward spiralling air at low elevations and inward air flowing at the high elevations.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    Answer: c

    • Assertion (A): In the deep ocean, primary production occurs near hydrothermal vents.
    • Reason (R): Over there, microbes produce food through chemosynthesis which forms the basis for a food-chain.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    Answer: a

    • Assertion (A): The tarai soils in India are rich in nitrogen and organic matter but are deficient in phosphate.
    • Reason (R): These soils are generally covered by tall grass and forests.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    Answer: b

    • Assertion (A): Graben is a major relief feature resulting from the faulting activities. It is, infact, a valley or narrow trough bounded by one or more parallel faults.
    • Reason (R): Blocks of the Earth's crust may be relatively raised or lowered between more or less parallel faults. The lower part known as graben is formed due to the subsidence of middle part between two normal faults.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    Answer: a

    • Assertion (A): In contemporary geography, there is an increasing awareness of the need for an interdisciplinary approach to the regional problems.
    • Reason (R): Groups of scholars with diverse backgrounds and skills focus on specific sets of regional problems more comprehensively and scientifically.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    Answer: a

    • Assertion (A): The location of the epicenter of an earthquake may be estimated using the time-lag between the arrival of P and S waves.
    • Reason (R): The L wave cannot start until the P wave hits the surface.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    Answer: b

    • Assertion (A): Bajadas or Piedmont alluvial plains extend for several miles away from a mountain front.
    • Reason (R): A series of adjacent alluvial fans sometimes coalesce to form an extensive piedmont alluvial plain which is also called Bajadas.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    Answer: a

    • Assertion (A): Vernier scale enables to estimate the fraction of a division in both linear and angular measurements with greater accuracy.
    • Reason (R): It consists of a moving scale which slides along a primary scale.
    1. Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    Answer: a