Competitive Exams: Medical Science MCQs (Practice-Test 130 of 135)

  1. Which one of the following statements regarding pyelonephritis is correct?

    1. Relapse is defined as recurrent infection with the same strain usually occurring to less than two weeks of cessation of therapy

    2. Antibody coated bacteria test does not help to distinguish upper and lower urinary tract infection

    3. The incidence has been found to be higher in women with pregnancy toxaemia

    4. 10, 000 viable bacteria per ml in clean voided midstream urine is of significance

  2. The regime recommended by WHO for multibacillary leprosy is

    1. Clofazamine 200 mg monthly + Colchicine 5 mg + Ethionamide 5 − 10 mg/kg

    2. Dapsone 100 mg daily + Ethionamide 5 mg/kg + Multivitamin

    3. Dapsone 100 mg daily + Rifampicin 600 mg monthly + Clofazamine 300 mg monthly

    4. Rifampicin 200 mg daily +

    Clofazamine 300 mg monthly +

    Multivitamin

  3. Consider the following statements regarding leprosy:

    1. Reactional states are best treated by thalidomide

    2. Hypertrophic neuropathy may occur

    3. Renal amyloidosis may occur

    Which of these statements are correct?

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 2 and 3

    3. 1 and 3

    4. 1, 2 and 3

  4. Consider the following manifestations:

    1. Keratoconjuctivitis sicca

    2. Hearing impairement

    3. Hoarseness of voice

    4. Pericarditis

    Extra-articular manifestations of rheumatoid arthritis would include:

    1. 1, 2, 3 and 4

    2. 1, 3 and 4

    3. 2, 3 and 4

    4. 1 and 2

  5. Consider the following statements regarding poliomyelitis:

    1. It is caused by slow viruses

    2. It may be associated with liability of blood pressure and tachycardia if brain stem is involved

    3. Acute bulbar paralysis may occur.

    4. Infection occurs through faeco-oral route.

    Which of these statements are correct?

    1. 1 and 4

    2. 2 and 4

    3. 1, 2 and 3

    4. 2, 3 and 4

  6. Which one of the following statements about diabetes is not correct?

    1. Insulin may be given subcutaneously in patients of diabetic ketoacidosis

    2. Insulin antibodies are a hallmark for diagnosis of insulin resistance

    3. During hypoglycaemic episodes patient may complain of difficulty in vision

    4. Urine may show positive test for ketone bodies for some time even after patients of diabetic ketosis are otherwise well controlled

  7. Which one of the following statements is not true of Schizophrenia?

    1. There is widespread damage to the cortical matter of brain

    2. Strong evidence of genetic factor is schizophrenia exists

    3. Schizophrenia is an auto immune disease

    4. Schizophrenics need life-long treatment

  8. Revised trauma score includes all of the following except

    1. Respiratory rate

    2. Urinary output

    3. Systolic blood pressure

    4. Glasgow coma scale

  9. Consider the following nerve injuries:

    1. Axonotmesis

    2. Neurotmesis

    3. Neurapraxia

    The correct sequence of these injuries in terms of increasing severity of damage to the nerve fibres and sheath, is

    1. 1, 2 and 3

    2. 3, 2 and 1

    3. 2, 1 and 3

    4. 3, 1 and 2

  10. The correct order of priorities in the initial management of head injury is

    1. Airway, Breathing, Circulation, Treatment of extracranial injuries

    2. Treatment of extracranial injuries, airway, Breathing, Circulation

    3. Circulation, airway, Breathing, Treatment of extracranial injuries

    4. Airway, Circulation, Breathing

    Treatment of extracranial injuries

  11. Consider the following pairs:

      • Trousseaus sign
      • Phlebothrombosis of superficial vein
      • Troisiers sign
      • Left supraclavicular lymph node enlargement
      • Kehrs sign
      • Pain reffered to left shoulder

    Select the correctly matched pairs using the codes given below:

    1. 1, 2 and 3

    2. 1 and 2

    3. 1 and 3

    4. 2 and 3

  12. A 45-year old man presents with loss of appetite and loss of weight along with visible left to right peristalsis in upper abdomen and hard left supraclavicular lymphdenophty. The most likely diagnosis is

    1. Carcinoma transverse colon

    2. Carcinoma stomach

    3. Carcinoma pancrease

    4. Carcinoma esophagus lower third

  13. Consider the following statements: In an endoscopic examination for gastric malignancy, mucosa looks quite normal in

    1. colloid carcinoma

    2. Linitis plastica

    3. Lymphoma

    Which of the statements are correct?

    1. 1, 2 and 3

    2. 1 and 2

    3. 1 and 3

    4. 2 and 3

  14. In upper one-third femoral shaft fracture, the displacement of proximal segment is

    1. Flexion, abduction and external rotation

    2. Flexion, adduction and external rotation

    3. Flexion, adduction and internal rotation

    4. Flexion, abduction and internal rotation

  15. After an operation on femur bone, chest Xray shows widespread mottling throughout the lung field like a snowstorm. It is diagnostic of

    1. Fat embolism

    2. Shock lung

    3. Bronchopneumonia

    4. atelectasis