Competitive Exams: Medical Science MCQs (Practice-Test 37 of 135)

  1. Which of the following conditions correlate with the following information: High pH High HCO3 High BE Neutral pCO2

    1. Respiratory alkalosis

    2. Respiratory acidosis

    3. Metabolic acidosis

    4. Metabolic alkalosis

    Answer: d

  2. Which of the following conditions correlate with the following information: High pH Neutral HCO3 Neutral BE Low pCO2

    1. Respiratory alkalosis

    2. Respiratory acidosis

    3. Metabolic acidosis

    4. Metabolic alkalosis

    Answer: a

  3. Which of the following conditions correlate with the following information: Low pH Low HCO3 Low BE Neutral pCO2

    1. Respiratory alkalosis

    2. Respiratory acidosis

    3. Metabolic acidosis

    4. Metabolic alkalosis

    Answer: c

  4. Which of the following information corresponds with a negative TB test?

    1. 0 − 4 mm induration at 48 hours

    2. 0 − 5 mm induration at 48 hours

    3. 0 − 6 mm induration at 48 hours

    4. 0 − 7 mm induration at 48 hours

    Answer: a

  5. Which of the following is the most common type of lung cancer?

    1. Large cell

    2. Adenocarcinoma

    3. Oat cell

    4. Squamous cell

    Answer: d

  6. What cell type secrets surfactant?

    1. Plasma cell

    2. Type I alveolar cell

    3. Type II alveolar cell

    4. Type III alveolar cell

    Answer: c

  7. Which of the following pulmonary term correlates with the definition: Noted obstruction of the trachea or larynx.

    1. Rhonchi

    2. Stridor

    3. Wheezes

    4. Vesicular

    Answer: b

  8. Normal values for pCO2 are considered:

    1. 20 − 40 mm Hg

    2. 25 − 30 mm Hg

    3. 30 − 40 mm Hg

    4. 35 − 45 mm Hg

    Answer: d

  9. Normal values for HCO3 are considered:

    1. 15 − 30 mEq/L

    2. 20 − 35 mEq/L

    3. 22 − 26 mEq/L

    4. 24 − 29 mEq/L

    Answer: c

  10. Pneumoncystis carinii infections are commonly treated with which of the following medications?

    1. Pentamidine

    2. Allopurinol

    3. Iorazepam

    4. Chlorpropamide

    Answer: a