Competitive Exams: Medical Science MCQs (Practice_Test 44 of 135)

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  1. Which one of the following sign differentiates meaningomyelocele from meningocele occurring in the lumbo-sacral region?
    1. Presence of cross fluctuations between back swelling and anterior fontanelles
    2. Detection of impulse in the back swelling on crying
    3. Palpation of bony defect of spin under the back swelling
    4. Presence of linear shadows on transillumination of the back swelling.
  2. Thromboangitis obliterans refers to an occlusive condition of
    1. medium sized arteries, small sized arteries and veins
    2. small sized arteries, and medium sized arteries
    3. veins and small sized arteries
    4. medium sized arteries and veins
  3. All of the following are indications for open reduction and internal fixation of fractures Except:
    1. Compound fracture
    2. Unsatisfactory closed reduction
    3. Multiple trauma
    4. Intra-articular fracture
  4. Consider the following:
    1. Dietary nitrates
    2. Chewing tobacco
    3. Helicobacter pylori infection

    Which of these are considered as carcinogens in the pathogensis of carcinoma stomach?

    1. 1,2 and 3
    2. 1 and 2
    3. 2 and 3
    4. 1 and 3
  5. Which one of the following variants of the gastric carcinoma may have normal appearance of mucous membrane in endoscopy?
    1. Proliferative carcinoma
    2. Ulcerative carcinoma
    3. Schirrous carcinoma
    4. Colloid carcinoma
  6. In which one of the following femoral fractures is avascular necrosis common?
    1. Pertrohanteric
    2. Transcervicl
    3. Suo-trochanteric
    4. Shaft of femur
  7. A 45-year old lady presents with a lump in her right breast. The lump is 4cm in diameter with evidence of cutaneous oedema (peau d-orange) , not fixed to pectoralis major muscle. The axillary lymph nodes are not enlarged. What is the status of T in T N M. Classification?
    1. T1
    2. T2
    3. T3
    4. T4
  8. The diagnosis of obstructive benign prostatic hypertrophy is confirmed by
    1. cystoscopic examination
    2. Ultrasonography
    3. Clinical examination
    4. urography
  9. What is the most appropriate surgical option for the treatment of tuberculosis of ileo-cecal region?
    1. Right hemicolectomy
    2. Limited resection of colon, caecum and terminal ileum
    3. Stricturoplasty
    4. Ileostomy
  10. The operative wound of elective gastrojejunostomy is classified as
    1. Grossly contaminated would
    2. Clean contaminated wound
    3. Contaminated wound
    4. Clean wound
  11. Hypokalemia is frequently responsible for
    1. Shortened P-R interval and decreased P-wave amplitude
    2. alkaline urine
    3. paralytic iteus
    4. hyperreflexia
  12. diffuse peritonitis following appendicitis is usually seen
    1. when appendicular perforation occurs early (within 24 hours)
    2. when perforation occurs late (after 24 hours)
    3. particularly in on-obstructive appendicitis
    4. when antibiotics are withheld
  13. Which one of the following type of bronchogenic carcinomas secretes ectopic hormone?
    1. Small cell carcinoma
    2. Adenocarcinoma
    3. Squamous cell carcinoma
    4. Alveolar cell carcinoma
  14. In the management of road traffic accidents, gas gangrene is best prevented by
    1. wound debridement
    2. metronidazole
    3. high doses of crystalline penicillin
    4. anti gas gangrene serum
  15. Bishop koop operation for meconium ileus consists of
    1. Distal Ileostomy, ileo-colic anastomosis and resection of obstructed segment
    2. Distal Ileostomy and ileo-colic anastomosis
    3. Ileo-colic anastomosis and resection of obstructed segment
    4. Distal Ileostomy and resection of obstructed segment